Charlie and the Charlie’s Angels
July 26, 2010
Mujette G. Godmalin
ACTIVITY NO. 3
DETERMINATION OF REYNOLDS’ NUMBER
To determine the
Reynolds’ number for the different types of flow of
Influid mechanics,a number that indicates whether the flow of a fluid (liquid orgas) is absolutely steady(laminar flow)or on the average steady with small, unsteadychanges (in turbulent flow) is the Reynolds number. The Reynolds number serves as acriterion of the type of fluid motion. In a pipe, for example,laminar flownormally existsat Reynolds numbers less than 2100, and turbulent flow at Reynolds numbers aboveabout 4000.Studies have shown that the transition from laminar to turbulent flow in tubes isnot only a function of velocity but also of density and viscosity of the fluid flow in thetube. These variables are combined into the Reynolds number, which is dimensionless.Reynolds number can be calculated by the equation,
is the Reynolds number, D the diameter in m,
the fluid density in kg/m
viscosity in Pa • s, and
the average velocity of the fluid in m/s (where averagevelocity is defined as the volumetric rate of floe divided by the cross sectional area ofthe pipe).
Source: McCabe, W. L., and J. C. Smith, Unit Operation of Chemical Engineering,2nd edition, McGraw-Hill, 1967.