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Determination of Reynolds NUmber

# Determination of Reynolds NUmber

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Laboratory Experiment
Laboratory Experiment

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03/26/2013

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GROUP NAME:
Charlie and the Charlie’s Angels
DATE:
July 26, 2010
NAME:
Mujette G. Godmalin
Instructor’s Signature:_______

ACTIVITY NO. 3
DETERMINATION OF REYNOLDS’ NUMBER
OBJECTIVE:
To determine the
Reynolds’ number for the different types of flow of
fluids.
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND:
Influid mechanics,a number that indicates whether the flow of a fluid (liquid orgas) is absolutely steady(laminar flow)or on the average steady with small, unsteadychanges (in turbulent flow) is the Reynolds number. The Reynolds number serves as acriterion of the type of fluid motion. In a pipe, for example,laminar flownormally existsat Reynolds numbers less than 2100, and turbulent flow at Reynolds numbers aboveabout 4000.Studies have shown that the transition from laminar to turbulent flow in tubes isnot only a function of velocity but also of density and viscosity of the fluid flow in thetube. These variables are combined into the Reynolds number, which is dimensionless.Reynolds number can be calculated by the equation,

=D

Where
Re
is the Reynolds number, D the diameter in m,
ρ
the fluid density in kg/m
3
,
μ
the fluid
viscosity in Pa • s, and
ν
the average velocity of the fluid in m/s (where averagevelocity is defined as the volumetric rate of floe divided by the cross sectional area ofthe pipe).
Source: McCabe, W. L., and J. C. Smith, Unit Operation of Chemical Engineering,2nd edition, McGraw-Hill, 1967.

SKETCHES:
MOVEMENT OF THE FLUIDTYPES OF FLUID FLOW
APPARATUS:
Dye
One liter beaker
Meter stick
Transparent glass pipe
TURBULENTLAMINAR

PROCEDURE:
1. Measure the inner diameter of the glass pipe.2. Slowly open the A value of the equipment.3. Inject a continuous but small amount of dye near the opening of the pipe. Thisindicates the pattern of water flow.4. Determine the volume of water collected over a certain period of time.5. Repeat the same procedure by turning two, three and four turns of the valveopening and observe the type of flow, respectively.6. Observe the thread of the dye pattern. For laminar flow, this will be straight. Asthe velocity is increased the thread becomes a wave form until when the flow isbecoming turbulent where the thread of the dye will be broken and will be flowingat random directions. This condition will occur but when the flow is changing fromlaminar to turbulent.
TABLE OF RESULTS:
Diameter of Pipe: 2.54 cm Density of water: 995.68 kg/m
3
Length of Pipe: 95.0 cm Viscosity of water: 0.8007 kg/m.s
No. of Turns Duration of run (sec)Vol. of watercollected (cm
3
)V(m/s)N
RE
Type of flow
1
4.56 400 0.16910
5341.0578 TURBULENT2
2.10 593.33 0.55204
17436.2954
TURBULENT4
1.63 596.67 0.71123
22464.3439
TURBULENT5
1.7 656.67 0.75345
23797.8712
TURBULENT
COMPUTATIONS:
@ 30
o
C
ID: 1 inch or 2.54 cm ( Perry’s Chemical Engineering Handbook)
Density: 995.68 kg/m
3
Viscosity: 0.8007 x 10
-3
kg/m
s

=D

Fluid Velocity:
Area of the pipe =
5.06707439
10
4

2