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Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part W, Miscellanea (REF) 1962

Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part W, Miscellanea (REF) 1962

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Systematic Descriptions
PF43SYSTEMATIC DESCRIPTIONSOrder CONODONTOPHORIDAEichenberg, 1930
Microscopic toothlike
and
platelike struc-tures belonging
to an
unknown monophyle-tic group
of
extinct marine animals whichprobably were bilaterally symmetrical, soft-bodied,
and
pelagic. These structures,
com-
monly called conodonts,
are
usually eithergrayish-black
or
some shade
of
brown,
com-
posed chiefly
of
calcium phosphate,
and
consist
of
lamellae, open aborally, that wereaccreted about
an
initial pit—the apex
of the
pulp cavity. Separation
of the
aforemen-tioned lamellae from
one
another—alongone
or
more growth axes
and in one or
more directions—resulted
in the
formationof fanglike structures without denticles,fanglike structures with denticles, denti-culated blades
and
bars,
and
platelike struc-tures with platforms and/or
a
greatly
ex-
panded pulp cavity.
The
function
per-
formed
by
conodonts
is as yet
undeter-mined. Generally accepted range,
L.Ord.-
U.Trias.;
possible range,
U.Cam.-U.Cret.
UTILITARIANCLASSIFICATION
Family DISTACODONTIDAE Bassler,1925
[nom. correct.
HASS,
1958
{pro
Distacodidae
BASSLER,
1925)]
Pulp cavity surmounted
by a
single,straight
or
curved, undenticulated, fanglike
cusp.
L.Ord.-USiL, ?Dev., ?Miss.
The stratigraphic distribution
of
generaincluded
in the
Distacodontidae
and
Belo-dontidae
is
shown graphically
in
Figure21A.
Distacodus
HINDE,
1879 (p. 357)
[pro
Machairodus
PANDER,
1856
{non
KAUP,
1833)]
[*Machairodusincurvus
PANDER,
1856; SD
MILLER,
1889 (p.
313)J
[—Machairodia
SMITH,
1907]. Bilaterallysymmetrical; anterior
and
posterior sides sharp-edged; lateral sides with ridge along mid-line.
L.Ord.-M.SiL,
?U.Sil.-?L.Miss.,
N.Am.-Eu.
FIG.
22,la,b.
*D.
incurvus
(PANDER);
both
lat.,
mag. unknown.
FIG.
22,1C.
D.
ensiformis
(PANDER),
L.Ord.(Glaukonitsand), Bait.; diagram,horiz. sees., mag. unknown
(52).
o AcanthodusScolopodusAcontiodus°BelodusOistodusScandodusDistacodusAcodusDrepanodusPaltodus°Cordyloduso PtiloconusUlrichodinaStereoconuso Microcoelodus
i
o StrachanognathusMixoconus
FIG.
21 A. Stratigraphic distribution
of
conodonts
(Hass,
n).
Classification
of
genera
in
families
is
indicated
by
presence
or
absence
of
symbol (Dista-codontidae, o—Belodontidae).Acodus
PANDER,
1856 (p. 21)
[*A.
erectus;
SD
ULRICH
&
BASSLER,
1926 (p. 7)]. Resembles
Distacodus
but
asymmetrical, having ridge alongmid-line
of one
lateral side only.
L.Ord.-M.SiL,
?U.Sil.-?LMiss.,
N.Am.-Eu.
FIG.
22,8. *A.
erectus,
L.Ord.(Glaukonitsand), Bait.;
8a,b,
inner,outer,
mag.
unknown
(56).
FIG.
22,8C.
A.
acutus
PANDER,
L.Ord.(Glaukonitsand), Bait.;diagram, horiz.
sec, mag.
unknown
(52).
Acontiodus
PANDER,
1856 (p. 28)
[*A.
latus;
SD
ULRICH
&
BASSLER,
1926 (p. 7)]
[=Acodina
STAUFFER,
1940]. Compressed anteroposteriorly;posterior side commonly with median- ridge;
in
horizontal section oudine
of
anterior side convexto obtuse; posterior side concave.
L.Ord.-M.Ord.,
?U.Ord.-?U.Dev.,
N.Am.-Eu.
FIG.
22,9a-c.
*A.
latus,
L.Ord.(Glaukonitsand), Bait.;
9a-c,
post.,ant, diagram, horiz.
sec, mag.
unknown
(52).
Drepanodus
PANDER,
1856 (p. 20)
[non
MENGE,
1869]
[*D. arcuatus;
SD
MILLER,
1889 (p. 313)]
[=Oneotodus
LINDSTROM,
1954]. Almost bilat-erally symmetrical; outline biconvex
to
subcircularin horizontal section; anterior
and
posterior sides
rounded
or
sharp-edged.
L.Ord.-U.Sil., ?L.Dev.-
?L.Miss.,
N.Am.-S.Am.-Eu.-Austral.
FIG.
22,
10.
D.
subarcuatus
FURNISH,
L.Ord.(Shakopee
Dol.),
USA(Wis.);
10a,b,
lat.,
lat.
with diagram,horiz.
sec, X25 (30).

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