Driver:‘No black Ethiopianson my bus
By LAHAV HARKOV14/07/2010
Driver is sued over racist commentsAn Egged bus driver is being sued or NIS200,000 aer allegedly slandering, insulting, and verbal-ly and physically assaulting an Ethiopian passenger, ac-cording to a statement released by ebeka, an advocacy organization or Ethiopian Israelis.Te Ethiopian college student waited at a busstop in Rishon Leziyyon, and tried to board the bus, butthe driver closed the door in her ace, reusing to let heron. She managed to get on the bus anyway, and the driveryelled at her, saying “I don’t let black Ethiopians on my bus,” and “these blacks - who let you into Israel?”Te driver added: “All o these kushim [a de-rogatory term or Aricans] should be sent back to Ethio-pia. You are a stupid nation, and you damage our land.”Te passenger asked the driver not to speak to her, and in response, the driver grabbed her skirt, notallowing her to proceed onto the bus.At a hearing conducted by Egged, the driverdid not express regret and did not apologize. He said hestands by his opinios about Ethiopians. Egged ned thedriver with one and a hal months’ salary. Te Ministry o ransportation also pressed charges against the driverand Egged.omer Rei and Hila Ben Harosh, thelawyers representing the student, are part o a Project“My Brother’s Keeper,” in which lawyers representEthiopians that turn to ebeka pro bono.
Beersheba manaccused o desecrating
Ilana Curiel Published: 07.11.10, 17:28 / Israel NewsAn indictment was led Sunday with theBeersheba Magistrate’s Court against city resident BorisPogosian, 31, on charges o desecration and vandalism o tombstones and property in a local cemetery.Pogosian is accused o spraying swastikasigns and “Death or Jews” and “Heil Hitler” on the graveso Gabriel Dwait and Malakan Atinsh, both Ethiopianimmigrants. Dwait’s body was returned rom Lebanon aspart o an exchange deal with Hezbollah two years ago.Te deendant was arrested 10 days ago to-gether with his mother aer being caught red-handed atthe cemetery. Hate messages in Russian (Photo: Yonat Atlas)Te indictment suggests that Pogosian hasbeen torching trash cans and benches at the new Beer-sheba cemetery and an alternative local cemetery overthe last two years. He is also accused o spraying swasti-kas and hate messages on dozens o tombstones.It is claimed that in January 2009 the deen-dant painted swastikas on Malakan Atinsh’s tombstoneand wrote in Russian “Death or Jews” “Heil Hitler” and“Patrol 36” – the name o a local neo-Nazi group.Te indictment urther suggests he causeddamage to the tombstone o Gabriel Dwait. For these o-ences he is being charged with damage to property, van-dalism, trespassing and blasphemy.According to the indictment, the deendanthas requently visited the new Beersheba cemetrary overthe last two months in order to torch trash cans and causedamage to tombstones belonging mostly to immigrantsrom the ormer Soviet Union. In one o the instances hewrote in Hebrew “Death to niggers.”
Ethiopia PlansPower Exports to Sudan AerRains Boost Dams
By William Davison(c) 2010 Bloomberg NewsTursday, July 15, 2010; 12:00 AMSupplies to Sudan will total about 200 mega-watts, while 150 megawatts may also be sold to Djiboutishould there be sucient supplies, said Mekuria Lemma,head o strategic management and programming at thestate-owned Ethiopian Electric Power Corp.Gilgel Gibe II, which halted production inJanuary ollowing a tunnel collapse, is expected to re-sume output by the end o July. Production at ana Beles,the country’s largest plant, and ekeze is also expected tobe at ull capacity ollowing recent rains. Te three plantsproduce a combined 1,180 megawatts o power.“We have lots o water in all our reservoirs,”Mekuria said in an interview on July 12 in the capital, Ad-dis Ababa. “We are in a good position now.”Ethiopia has Arica’s second-biggest poten-tial hydropower capacity o 45,000 megawatts, accord-ing to the World Bank. Congo has the largest. Rainall inEthiopia was average or above average in April and May in most parts o the country, according to the NationalMeteorological Agency. In June, when the main rainy season starts, average or above average precipitation wasrecorded in central and western areas, it said yesterday.Kenya is in talks with Ethiopia to import 500 megawattso electricity and a easibility study has been completedon a transmission line to the East Arican country, Me-kuria said.Te Arican Development Bank provided a $1million loan or the design o the line, which is expectedto be built by 2014, Solomon Asaw, an Ethiopia-basedenergy specialist at the bank, said in an interview.In addition, the bank is co-unding the con-struction o a 283-kilometer (176-mile) 230 kilovolttransmission line rom the eastern Ethiopian city o DireDawa to Djibouti. Te network, which will be able to sup-ply 260 megawatts o power, will be completed within twomonths, Solomon said.Ethiopia’s current generating capacity is about2,000 megawatts, including the 420 megawatts rom Gil-gel Gibe II, EEPCO spokesman Misiker Negash said in aninterview. Tere are plans to increase that to 8,000 mega-watts, Mekuria said.
Al-Shabab Leader:Uganda Bombings ‘Only theBeginning’
VOA News 15 July 2010Damaged chairs and tables amongst the de-bris strewn outside the restaurant ‘Ethiopian village’ inKampala, Uganda, 12 Jul 2010Te leader o the Somali Islamist militantgroup claiming to be behind the deadly bombings inUganda says his group is planning more attacks.Sheik Muktar Abu Zubayr thanked the bomb-ers responsible or killing more than 70 people watchingthe World Cup nal on television in Uganda’s capital,Kampala.Abu Zubayr’s audio message was played onradio stations Tursday in Somalia’s capital, Mogadishu.He said his al-Shabab organization will con-tinue to take revenge against Ugandans or their partici-pation in the Arican Union peacekeeping orce in Soma-lia.Al-Shabab and other militant groups havebeen ghting or more than three years to take controlo Somalia in a civil war that has killed thousands anddisplaced hundreds o thousands more. But this was al-Qaida-linked group’s rst major terrorist attack outsideo Somalia.Uganda said Tursday it is willing to send2,000 more troops to join AU peacekeepers in Somalia.In an interview Wednesday, U.S. PresidentBarack Obama said the bombings show extremist mili-tant groups have a vision o “destruction and death” orArica.Ugandan authorities say they have arrestedour oreigners in connection with an unexploded suicidebomb vest ound at a third site. Tey would not say theirnationalities, but Negussie Balcha, the head o an organi-zation called the Ethiopian Community in Uganda, toldVOA’s Horn o Arica Service that our Ethiopians are incustody or questioning. Te White House says the FBI ishelping Ugandan authorities in the investigation.Ugandan police say a Ugandan Muslim mili-tant group - the Allied Democratic Forces - may have hada role in Sunday’s attacks.Most o those who died were watching theWorld Cup on big-screen televisions Sunday at a rugby club in Kampala. Te others died in a blast that targetedan Ethiopian restaurant.Police said at least 60 o the victims in Sunday’sbombings were Ugandans. Te others included peoplerom Ethiopia or Eritrea, one American aid worker, anIrish woman and one Asian.Te Abba Garima manuscripts, kept in anEthiopian monastery and until now considered to berom the 11th century, have made a journey back in time.Carbon-14 dating has revealed them to be rom an ear-lier period—between 330-650 AD. As it stands, Ethiopiapossesses the oldest illustrated copy o the Gospel in theworld.No one could have guessed that one o themanuscripts kept at the Abba Garima monastery, nearAdwa in the North o Ethiopia, was the oldest illustratedBible yet to be discovered. However, aer recent carbon-14 dating, there is no more doubt that the manuscripts atAbba Garima, named aer the monk who ounded themonastery, are not rom the 11th century AD as special-ists were determined to believe, but rather rom betweenthe 4th and 6th century AD.Tis recent discovery disproves earlier theo-ries put orward by scientists. Ethiopia, well known orits long history o Copist monks, was not known to haveany decorated manuscripts rom beore the 11th century,so much so that experts concluded that the art [o illumi-nated manuscripts] was developed much later. Now, thisrecent discovery proves the opposite. Te mere existenceo this manuscript is miraculous—it escaped the handso the troops o Muhammad Gran [Ahmad ibn Ibrahimal-Ghazi], ruler o Adal, who invaded the region [Aksum]in the 16th century. Te act that the monastery is dicultto access, being 7000 eet above sea level and surroundedby clis, is a likely reason or that.Over 1,600 years old, these manuscripts,which have never le the monastery, are in surprisingly good condition according to experts. “Te Garima Gos-pels have been kept high and dry which has helped pre-serve them all these years and they are kept in the dark so the colours look resh,” explains Blair Priday o theLondon-based Ethiopian Heritage Fund, a charity orga-nization working together with the Ethiopian Orthodoxewahedo Church.According to legend, the manuscripts werewritten in a single day by the monk Abba Garima whocame rom Constantinople in 494 AD, which ts the re-cent dating o the manuscript. In order or him to accom-plish this eat, God supposedly delayed the setting o theSun. Te scripture exists in two illustrated volumes and isrecorded in Ge’ez, a southern Semitic language which ex-ists exclusively in written orm as early as the 3rd century AD. Te illustrations in the manuscripts depict the FourEvangelists—Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John—and showor the rst time the Jewish emple.Experts hope that the Abba Garima manu-scripts remain in the monastery, — this is even morelikely to happen as the monks have always believed theholy texts to possess magical powers: “I someone is illthey are read passages rom the book and it is thought togive them strength,” says Mark Winstanley who helpedto preserve the manuscript. All that is le is to convincethe Ethiopian authorities—the Abba Garima manuscriptsneed a miracle right now.
Ethiopia: Story o world’s oldest illustrated Bible au-thenticated
Guilty: le to right, Soloman Beyene, Clinton Mogg,Aman Kassaye and Tomas Tomas. Below, some o thestolen rings. Photo: Metropolitan PoliceAman Kassaye, 25 – ringleader and armed robberTe gang ringleader, Kassaye was a convicted drug userand dealer who was living with his parents under policebail when he carried out the audacious raid.In the aermath he ed to Liverpool, where he had a neck tattoo depicting a set o stars in an attempt to changehis appearance, beore returning to stay in the our-starKensington Close Hotel. He used a alse name and ran upa £1,000 bill beore police tracked him down.When Kassaye was arrested by Flying Squad ocersclose he told them: “You don’t have to do this, nobody got hurt.”Police discovered a set o passport photos in his room– suggesting he was ready to ee the country using a alsepassport – and also discovered a quantity o modiedblank pistol cartridges – the type used in the raid.Born in Ethiopia, Kassaye was the son o a captain in thelocal police orce and moved to Britain with his amily when he was three-years-old. He grew up with two sis-ters and a brother at the amily home on the Lisson Greenestate in St John’s Wood, northwest London – where theriends he made became his accomplices.Kassaye le North Westminster School aged 16 with eightGCSEs, and began using and dealing in cannabis, thencocaine.Aged 18, he was convicted o possession o an oensiveweapon. He went to St Mary’s University in wickenham,west London, but dropped out o a media degree becausehe ‘”couldn’t keep up”.In 2003 he was convicted twice, receiving a £150 ne orpossessing Ecstasy and a two-year conditional dischargeor having crack cocaine But he continued to build hisdrugs business, which generated up to £500 prot aweek.In June 2008 he moved to Viridian Apartments in Bat-tersea, where he rented a at or £1,350-a-month. By thetime o the robbery Kassaye was on police bail, on con-dition he lived with his parents, having been arrested inNovember 2008 or possession o cocaine.Neighbours said they doubted he was capable o master-minding the Gra robbery.A neighbour said: “When we heard that he was supposedto be the ringleader o this raid, we just laughed because itseemed so ar-etched. I only knew o his as a student whohad been in a bit o trouble or drugs beore, not somekind o criminal mastermind. He was still living with hismum.”Soloman Beyene, 25 – second in commandA university graduate and convicted drug dealer, Beyenewas only released rom jail a month beore the robbery – but became a key organiser.He was Aman Kassaye’s second-in-command and hadbeen his main partner in dealing drugs to afuent oreignstudents at a private London college, most o whom livedand socialised in South Kensington and Chelsea.Aer being caught with cannabis in February last year hewas jailed or nine months but was released having servedhal o his sentence by July. He was immediately cut intothe plot.Beyene bought nine mobile phones or the gang and dur-ing one visit to a phone shop he was seen handing outcash to others to buy more handsets.He also hired a Ford ransit van which was seen in NewBond Street beore the raid and was used to block a policecar responding to a 999 call.He grew up with Kassaye on the Lisson Green councilestate in north west London and was still living at his par-ents’ two-bedroom at at the time o the raid.Residents described him as a “wannabe gangster” whosedescent into small-time drug dealing had le his “hard-working and respectable parents” ashamed.A neighbour said: “He liked to be known as ‘Sol’ and triedto cultivate this image o being a bit o a gangster.“When we were in our late teens, we bought into it, be-cause he was older than us. He’d point an imaginary pistolat us with his ngers, say ‘aye’ a lot and try to sound like adrug baron o Te Wire.
“But all his macho posturing was really quite ridiculous becausehe was still living with his mum and dad, and wasn’t doing muchmore than peddling a bit o pu on the side.”Another neighbour added: “His poor parents. Tey are a very hard-working and respectable amily but they have been leashamed by what their son has become.“He had been in a bit o trouble beore but nothing major. It’s hardto imagine how he got wrapped up in this jewellery raid.”Clinton ‘Jamal’ Mogg, 43 – getaway driverMogg, a Muslim convert, was one o the getaway drivers and an-other drug dealing riend o Aman Kassaye.Aer his arrest, his ather claimed that his son, a ather-o-twowho le school with no qualications, was “not clever enough” tobe part o such an extraordinary plot.Mogg is suspected o driving the silver Mercedes A-Class getaway car.When police arrested him he immediately provided them with aalse letter rom Abbey estate agents, which claimed he had beenat an interview in Bournemouth on August 6.Mogg’s mistake was that police wanted to question him about hisinvolvement two days earlier in a “dry run” o the robbery and hadnot asked him about movements on the later date.Tomas Tomas, 45 – ‘blocking’ driverWhen police swooped on the north London home o Tomas, theeldest gang member, they discovered it had been converted intoa cannabis actory.Tomas’s bags were packed but he was nowhere to be seen, untilocers looked outside and noticed the bulky, bald, 6 2in manhiding up a tree in a neighbour’s back garden.It is believed that the 45-year-old, who had a licence to drivegoods vehicles, was put in touch with Kassaye by the mastermindwho organised the Gra robbery, and asked to hire a 7.5 tonnebox lorry to use in the raid as a “blocking” vehicle.Despite mixing in criminal circles or the past 30 years, he hasonly two minor convictions. He was ned £15 or shopliing anddamaging property in 1980. In 1997 he was convicted o ourcharges o not paying importation duty on alcohol and sentencedto unpaid work in the community.
Gra jewel heist: robbers’ profles
Te Gra jewellery robbers were a gang o small-time drug dealers, two o whom still lived with their parents, who were picked by a criminal mastermind to carry out the biggest diamond raid in British history. Here are profles o the our men ound guilty.