Gregory. The list of books in question appears on the last page, fol.
is noted as no.
in Gottlieb's register of library catalogues,' and there assignedto Prance. Xeither the reference to
nor to the books in thepossession of the bishop of Sidon justify connecting the list certainly with Syria,but inasmuch as we apparently have no lists of books from the crusading states,the possibility is interesting. The content of the collection, with its large represen-tation of classical authors, is typical of the close of the twelfth century.
isgiven here from the Erfurt manuscript.
Hii sunt libri conventus Nazarene ecclesie. Ieronimus super psalterium; Anbrosius(!)super Lucam; Matheus; Iohannes; apocalysis Iohannis; Gregorius super ii libros Ezechi-elis; textus lllarci evangeliste; gesta pontificum; Isidorus ethimologiarum; Isidorus desummo bono; dialogus Ieronimi presbiteri et vita patrum in eodem volumine; liber quidamqui dicitur Paradisus; cur Deus homo; textus iiii evangeliorum; epistole Ieronimi ethugustini in uno volumine; duo libri canonum; xvcirn libri beati Augustini, etiam Gregoriussuper cantica canticorum in eodem volumine; Augustinus de Trinitate; Augustinus superIohannem et glosule super Iohannem; epistole magistri Ivonis; elucidarium; Gregoriussuper moralia Iob; epistole Pauli glosate, Augustinus de agone Christiano; Eps. SidoniensisAugustinum de retractacione, Augustinurn(!) encheridion habet; Ieronimus de interpre-tacionibus nominum; liber Ieronimi questionum Hebraicarum et de xmm empt[at]ionibuset de paralipomenon; et canticum de befre [Efrem]; et lamentacion [es] Iheremie; etepistola ad Dardanum de distanciis locorum; epistola de vesti sacerdotali; registrumLeonis pape; alius Isidorus de sumo(!) bono; de Egissipo iiii quaterniones et dimidius;vii libri de sentenciis; x libri de phisica; scintilarius, pastoralis Gregorii; et duo libridialogorum Gregorii; [Here in margin: Hi supradicta de divinitate
Hi audem degramaticn] duo libri de luna; arimethica; magnus Pricianus; alius de construcione; iiiesBoetii cum glosulis; iio Oracii cum glosulis; iio Stacii cum glosulis; Persius; iiO Salustii;Eneis Virgilii; Lucanus cum glosulis; Iuvenalis duplex; duo Stacii Achilleidos; Tullis deamicicia; iii.7 Prudencii; comrnenta Boetii; ii Sedullii; duo Ovidii epistolarum; Ovidius dePonto; Ovidius de amatoria arte; ii Ovidii stristium; ii
de remedio amoris; duo Catones;v Sprosperi; duo Maximiani; duo
[The remainder has been erased.
The crusading impulse was not always favorable to the preservation of booksand learning. The diversion of the Fourth Crusade is the notable example, butan earlier instance of the same sort caused the loss of his extensive library tothe R!toslem emir Usamah. Usamah has left us an extremely interesting auto-bi~graphy,~any passages of which read as thrillingly as the
and include a number of observations upon his opponents, the Franks. In
while his library, along with other treasure, was being transported by ship alongthe Syrian coast and under a safe conduct from Icing Baldwin
of Jerusalem,the vessel was driven ashore near Acre and its contents plundered by Baldwinin person in spite of his previous pledge, the pretext being that such was theb1oslem custom of dealing with wrecked vessels. Usamah estimated the numberof his books at no less than
volumes and said that their loss grieved himas no other experience in the course of a long life.
Ueber mittelalterliche Bibliotheken
(Leipzig, 1890).Translated by Hartwig Derenbourg in
Ret'ue de 1'0rient Latin,
summarizedby N. Jorga, 'Le llonde Oriental et les CroisBs,' in the
Melanges $Histoire du Moyen
and recently translated into English by
Hitti under thetitle
An Arab-Syrian Gentleman and Warrior
the Period of the Crusades, Memoirs of Usaimah ibn-Munqidh
(New York, 1929).