29, Gautama was escorted on four subsequent visits outside of the palace. HereSiddhartha came across an old crippled man, a sick man, a dead body and an ascetic. Thisis known as the
Four Passing Sights
which lead Siddhartha to recognise the reality of death and suffering and the cyclical nature of human existence (samsara). He then left the palace, abandoned his inheritance and became a wandering monk, seeking a solution toan end of suffering. He began with the Yogic path and although he reached high levels of meditative consciousness, he was not satisfied.He abandoned asceticism and realised the power of the
. This is animportant idea in Buddhist thought and practice. To seek moderation and avoid theextremes of self-indulgence and self-mortification. At the age of 35, meditating under aBodhi tree, Siddhartha reached Enlightenment, awakening to the true nature of reality,which is Nirvana (Absolute Truth);The dustless and stainless Eye of Truth (Dhamma-cakkhu) has arisen.He has seen Truth, has attained Truth, has known Truth, has penetrated into Truth, hascrossed over doubt, is without wavering.Thus with right wisdom he sees it as it is (yatha bhutam) ... The Absolute Truth is Nibbana, which is Reality. (Buddha, from the Dhatuvibhanga-sutta (No. 140) of theMajjhima-nikaya)Thus Siddhartha Gautama became known as the Buddha.
(from the ancientIndian languages of Pali and Sanksrit) means '
one who has awakened
'. It is derived fromthe verbal root "budh", meaning "to awaken" or "to be enlightened", and "tocomprehend".The Buddha taught that the nature of reality was impermanent and interconnected. Wesuffer in life because of our desire to transient things. Liberation from suffering maycome by training the mind and acting according to the laws of karma (cause and effect)i.e. with right action, good things will come to you. This teaching is known as the
: Suffering is everywhere
: There is a cause of suffering, which is attachment or misplaced desire (tanha)rooted in ignorance.
: There is an end of suffering, which is Nirvana (the possibility of liberationexists for everyone).
: There is a path that leads out of suffering, known as the Noble Eightfold Path(right view, right thought, right speech, right conduct, right vocation, right effort, rightattention and right concentration)
Metaphysics of Buddhism
Buddha was correct that The gift of truth excels all other gifts, for only truth allows us toact wisely. This website is devoted to explaining this fundamental Truth about Reality