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Multifunctional polymer nanocomposite based of magnetic nanoparticles

Multifunctional polymer nanocomposite based of magnetic nanoparticles

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Published by sohailnawazz
Cobalt nano ferrites coated with organic silanes and embeded with four diffrent polymers.
Cobalt nano ferrites coated with organic silanes and embeded with four diffrent polymers.

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: sohailnawazz on Jun 20, 2008
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06/06/2013

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Multifunctional polymer nanocomposite based onmagnetic nanoparticalesBySohail Nawaz
SupervisorProfessor Ulf W. GeddeCo-SupervisorRichard OlssonDepartment of Fiber and Polymer Technology
The Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)
Stockholm, Sweden, 2007
 
 
 
ABSTRACT
Five batches Cobalt ferrite nanoparticles were made by ‘chemie-douce’ method. The molarratio of iron to cobalt was 2.0. The synthesized nanoparticles were analyzed in TEM to seetheir shapes and whether they are agglomerated or not. The nanoparticles were then coatedfirst with tetraethoxysilane to make them hydrophilic and then with methyl tri-methoxysilaneto make them hydrophobic in nature. Hydrophobic nanoparticles were analyzed in TEM tosee their thick coating. The coated nanoparticles were then ultrasonically etched to determinethe thickness of the coating which was 8%. The hydrophobic nanoparticles were dried andwell grinded to avoid from agglomerates. Well grinded particles were then blended with fourdifferent plastics i.e.-e polyethylene, polypropylene, polyamide6 and polycarbonate. Two of them are softer and two are harder plastics. The nanoparticles were added 8% by weight inthe polymers.The nanocomposites of all four polymers were mechanically tested by tensile testing. Theywere kept in a room for 24 hours with 50% humidity. Polyethylene and polypropylene gotgood and uniform mixing and they were more stiff, ductile and good in strength than the purepolymers. Polyamide6 and polycarbonate were observed to have not good mixing, andbecause of this we did not get the good tensile testing results from them.The microwave test results showed that polyethylene, polypropylene showed more thermalresistance than the pure polymers. Polycarbonate also showed bit of thermal resistant, but incase of polyamide6 we got different results.
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTES
1.
 
INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................. 1
 
1.1.
 
Background .................................................................................................................. 1
 
1.2.
 
Magnetic Nanocomposites .......................................................................................... 2
 
1.3.
 
Ferrites ......................................................................................................................... 3
 
1.3.1.
 
Curie Temperatures .............................................................................................. 4
 
1.3.2.
 
Permeability ......................................................................................................... 4
 
1.3.3.
 
Saturation Magnetization ..................................................................................... 4
 
1.3.4.
 
Brittleness ............................................................................................................. 4
 
1.3.5.
 
Hardness ............................................................................................................... 4
 
1.4.
 
Applications of magnetic nanocomposites .................................................................. 5
 
2.
 
EXPERIMENTAL ............................................................................................................. 5
 
2.1.
 
Synthesis of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles ...................................................................... 5
 
2.1.1.
 
Materials ............................................................................................................... 5
 
2.1.2.
 
Batch synthesis ..................................................................................................... 5
 
2.2.
 
Surface modification of nanoparticles ......................................................................... 6
 
2.2.1.
 
Materials ............................................................................................................... 6
 
2.2.2.
 
Silanization ........................................................................................................... 6
 
2.3.
 
Ultrasonic etching ........................................................................................................ 7
 
2.4.
 
Grinding and mixing .................................................................................................... 7
 
2.4.1.
 
Grinding of polymers ........................................................................................... 7
 
2.4.2.
 
Mixing of polymers with magnetic nanoparticles ................................................ 8
 
2.5.
 
Hot pressing ................................................................................................................. 8
 
3.
 
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION ........................................................................................ 9
 
3.1.
 
Particle synthesis ......................................................................................................... 9
 
3.2.
 
Surface modification of nanoparticles ....................................................................... 10
 
3.3.
 
Coating thickness by ultrasonic etching .................................................................... 12
 
3.4.
 
Visible colour differences between the nanoparticles ............................................... 12
 
3.5.
 
Water interaction difference of the particles after drying .......................................... 13
 
3.6.
 
Mechanical properties of nanocomposite systems .................................................... 13
 
3.6.1.
 
Tensile testing .................................................................................................... 13
 
3.7.
 
Microwave testing ..................................................................................................... 23
 
4.
 
CONCLUSIONS .............................................................................................................. 25
 
5.
 
FUTURE WORK ............................................................................................................. 26
 
6.
 
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ............................................................................................. 27
 
7.
 
REFERENCES ................................................................................................................. 28
 

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