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The Major Sources of Sulamī's Minor Qur'ān Commentary by Gerhard Böwering [22 pp.]

The Major Sources of Sulamī's Minor Qur'ān Commentary by Gerhard Böwering [22 pp.]

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The Major Sources of Sulamī's Minor Qurʾān CommentaryAuthor(s): Gerhard BöweringSource:
Oriens,
Vol. 35 (1996), pp. 35-56Published by: BRILLStable URL:
Accessed: 27/11/2008 20:00
Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available athttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unlessyou have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and youmay use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use.Please contact the publisher regarding any further use of this work. Publisher contact information may be obtained athttp://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=bap.Each copy of any part of a JSTOR transmission must contain the same copyright notice that appears on the screen or printedpage of such transmission.JSTOR is a not-for-profit organization founded in 1995 to build trusted digital archives for scholarship. We work with thescholarly community to preserve their work and the materials they rely upon, and to build a common research platform thatpromotes the discovery and use of these resources. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.
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Oriens.
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THEMAJOR SOURCES OF SULAMI'SMINORQUR'ANCOMMENTARY
by
GerhardBowering
YaleUniversityFritz Meier zumachtzigstenGeburtstag
Muchof ProfessorFritzMeier's ifetimehas beenspentchiselinghe histori-cal andphenomenologicalevelopmentf Sufismoutof agreatmassofprimarysourceswrittennArabic,Persian ndTurkish.thas also been hislifelongpref-erencetopresenthe resultsof his research nimpeccableGerman.Rare arethe occasionswhen heusesanotheranguageoexpresshisthought.Onecan,however,spotanexceptionto thisrule,namelywhenhedealswithSulami.SwitchingntoLatin,ProfessorMeier states:Ceterum enseo commentarium
Sulamiide Corano esseedendum,and remarks thatSulami'sQur'ancommen-
tarysone ofthe mostimportantndrichestcompilationsorclassicalSufism.'Appreciatingheemphasishiddennthe Latinphrase,havetakenupthechal-lengeofeditingthe text.Itmaybeappropriate,herefore,opresenta smallstudyonthe mainsourcesfor Sulami'sminorQur'anommentarys a tributeto thetireless anderuditescholarshipfthe viri doctirerumqueslamicarum
periti.
1. SulamiandHis Works2Sulami,whosefull name wasAbi'AbdarrahmanMuhammad .al-Husayn
1Cf.F.Meier,"EinwichtigerHandschriftenfundzurSufik,"Oriens 20(1967),106.
2
Inasmuch asthespellingof Arabic or Persianplacesand termsis includedinW. Morris(ed.),The AmericanHeritageDictionary oftheEnglishLanguage,Boston1969(andreprints),IadoptstandardAmericanusage.Theexceptionsto this rule aremy"Qur'an"and"Qur'anic"for Koranand Koranic.Theabbreviationsofjournaltitles follow J.D.Pearson,IndexIslamicus,London1958.EI(newedition)refersto TheEncyclopaediaofIslam,(ed.H.A.R. Gibbetal.,Leiden1960-ongoing)and GAS toF.Sezgin,Geschichte des arabischenSchrifttums,vols.1-9,Leiden1964-84.-ThereferencestoSulami'sHaqa'iq at-tafsirare based ona selection of themanuscriptsthat are abbreviatedas follows:Hid.Ef.77=Ms. HiidaiEfendi77(SelimAgaHalkKitiiphane-si,Uskfidar),399ff.,553h.;Brit. Mus.Or.9433=Ms. British Museum Or. 9433(BritishMuse-umLondon),388ff.,564h.;Fatih262=Ms. Fatih 262(SiileymaniyeKiitfiphanesi,Istanbul),296ff.,672h.;Balad.1018b=Ms.Baladiyya1018b(al-Maktaba al-baladiyya,Alexandria),302ff.,795 h.-Wheneveronemanuscriptreferenceissufficientfor thequotationinquestionIrefertoMs. British MuseumOr. 9433 alone.
 
GerhardBOwering
b. Muhammadb.Muisab. Halid b. Salim b.Zawiyyab.Sa'idb.Qabisab.Sarraqal-Azdi as-Sulamian-Naysabfri,wasborn atNay/isabur(Arabic)orNe/isap/bur(Persian)in325/937 or 330/942 and died in thesamecityin 412/1021.3Hebelongedto thetribe of the Azd onhis father's side and to thatoftheSulaymon his mother's. When Sulami'sfather,al-Husaynb. Muhammad b.Musaal-Azdi,who instructed himinhisearly youth,leftNisaburto settle atMecca,Sulami's education was entrusted ohis maternalgrand-father,Abu'AmrIsma'ilb.Nugaydb.Ahmad b.Yusufb.Halid as-Sulamian-Naysaburi(d.366/976-7),who wasadiscipleofAbu'UtmanSa'id b.Isma'il al-Hiri(d.298/910),awell-knownSafi'ischolar of haditandanadherent of theascetic tradition atNisabur.4Sulami wasformallyinitiatedinto Sufism andgrantedateachingcertificate(igaza) bytheHanafijudgeAbu Sahl Muhammadb.Sulaymanas-Su'luki(296/909-369/980),a learnedteacher andleadingpersonalityofNisaburfrom337/949.HisfullaccreditationasaSufi,however,Sulami receivedfrom Abu1-QasimIbrahim b.Muhammadan-Nasrabadi(d.367/977-8),aSafi'i scholarof hadit whobecome aSufiat thehandsofAbu BakrDulaf b.Gahdar as-Sibli(d. 334/946)atBaghdadin330/942. Aftermanyyearsoftraveling,in340/951Nasrabadi returned to his nativeNisaburwhere,some timelater,he investedSulamiwith theSufi mantle(hirqa).Anavid studentofhadit,SulamitraveledwidelythroughoutHurasan andIraqin search ofknowledge,visitingMarwandBaghdadfor extendedperiodsoftime.Hetraveled asfaras theHejaz,butapparentlyvisited neitherSyrianorEgypt.His travelsclimaxedinapilgrimagetoMecca,performedin366/976inthecompanyofNasrabadi,whodiedshortlyafter thehag.WhenSulamireturnedtoNisaburabout368/977-8,histeacherIsmi'ilb.Nugaydhadpassedaway,leavinghimhisextensivelibrary.Thislibrarybecame thecenterof asmallSufilodge(duwayra)which Sulami establishedinhisquarterof thetown,thesikkatan-Nawand.Therehespenttheremaining fortyyearsof his lifeasa resi-dentscholar,probably visting Baghdadonanumber of occasions.Byhis lateryearsSulami hadbecomehighlyrespectedthroughoutHIurasansa teacher ofhaditandaSafi'imanoflearning.Sulamiwas aprolificauthorwhoeventuallyemployedhis futurebiograph-er,AbuSa'idMuhammadb.'Allal-Hassab(381/991-456/1064),ashisatten-dantand scribe. Thelonglistofhisworks,amountingtomore than ahundred
3
Here,onlyasummaryof Sulami's lifeand work isgiven;fordetailssee,G.B6wering,"TheQur'anCommentaryofAl-Sulami,"in:W.B.Hallaqand D.P.Little(eds.),IslamicStudies Pre-sentedto CharlesJ.Adams,Leiden1991,41-56.4Sulami,Tabaqat(ed.Pedersen)159-165;(ed.Surayba)170-175;AbuNu'aym,.Hilyatal-awliya'10/244-246;Hatibal-Bagdadi,Ta'rihBagdad9/99-102;Dahabi,Siyar14/62-66;Ta'rihal-Isldm,Hawaditwa-wafaydt290-300149-153.
36

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