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Methods for the euthanasia of dogs and cats- English.pdf

Methods for the euthanasia of dogs and cats- English.pdf

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Published by Pepa García
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Published by: Pepa García on Jul 27, 2010
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02/12/2013

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Methods or the euthanasiao dogs and cats: comparisonand recommendations
World Society or the Protection o Animals
 
FOREWORD
This document aims to provide guidance on theeuthanasia o dogs and cats by identiying methodsconsidered humane and methods that mightcompromise animal welare.The euthanasia o companion animals is a muchdebated issue or animal welare organisations aroundthe world. Opinions are diverse and are oten inuencedby local situations and cultural backgrounds.The decision to euthanase an animal is a complexethical matter involving many actors, and a detaileddiscussion o the subject is beyond the scope o thisdocument. As an animal welare organisation, it is ourobligation to ensure that when the decision to euthanaseis taken the methods used are truly humane andadministered by responsible and appropriately trainedindividuals.Methods o euthanasia, scientifc knowledge andopinions evolve over time; this overview is based oncurrent scientifc evidence and will be subject to review.
Author: Louisa Tasker, MSc, BSc (Hons.)Editor: Companion Animals Unit, World Society or the Protection o AnimalsWorld Society or the Protection o Animals89 Albert EmbankmentLondon SE1 7TPT: +44 (0)20 7557 5000F: + 44 (0)20 7703 0208E: wspa@wspa-international.orgW: wspa-international.org
 
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION 4
Criteria or euthanasia 4Reasons or euthanasia 4Personnel and training 4Signs o pain and distress 4Confrmation o death 5Carcass disposal 5Proessional and sympathetic conduct 5
METHODS FOR THEEUTHANASIA OFDOGS AND CATS 6
Summary table o methods:Recommended 7Acceptable 7Conditionally acceptable 8Not acceptable 10
PRE-EUTHANASIA DRUGS 13
Tranquillisers 13Sedatives 13Immobilisers 13Anaesthetics 14Combinations o pre-euthanasia drugs 14
DISCUSSION OFEUTHANASIAMETHODS 15
Non-inhalant, injectablepharmaceutical agents 15
Barbiturates 15Other intravenous anaesthetics 16T61 16Potassium chloride (KCI) 16Magnesium sulphate (MgSO
4
) 17Chloral hydrate (CH) 17
Inhalant agents (gas mixtures) 17
General considerations 17Anaesthetic gases 17Nitrogen or nitrogen/argon mixtures 18Carbon dioxide (CO
2
) 18Carbon monoxide (CO) 19Nitrous oxide (N
2
0) 19Ether 19
Physical methods 20
General considerations 20Shooting using a ree bullet 20Captive bolt 20Electrocution 20Decompression 20Hanging 21Drowning 21
Poisons 21
General considerations 21Strychnine 21Cyanide 21
REFERENCES 22ANNEX 1:
Dosages and routes oadministration o agentsor euthanasia o dogs and cats
23ANNEX 2:
Guidelines on the intravenousinjection o Pentobarbitone orthe euthanasia o dogs and cats
25

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