activities of the institute. The Karachi Cotton Association,
representative bodyof private
sector raw cotton exporters responsible for issuing daily spot rates forraw cotton, has agreed to switch to pricing
raw cotton on
grade and staplebasis, rather than on varieties. Private
sector ginners, exporters and spinnershave expressed interest in having personnel trained by the institute in cottongrading
The innovative experience in Pakistan has improved cotton handling. Thecountry is now able to compete with the best cotton fibres in the world, an achieve
ment that took just over ten years. The introduction of the standardization andgrading system has demonstrated that proper marketing and quality controlmeasures and a pricing system based on premiums and discounts increase thequality and value
shows that such
system motivates allparties, growers, ginners, spinners and exporters, to collaborate to meet con
sumer demand and compete in the global marketplace.There
scope for this example to be replicated in the cotton industries of other countries, including newly independent states in Central Asia. An oppor
tunity exists for the transfer
expertise from the PCSI into the cotton indus
tries in countries adjacent
the Aral Sea.
an important cotton and yarn producing country, with the potentialto become
key force in the global cotton and textile market. To achieve this
the country has to improve cotton marketing and quality control. There isgrowing realization that the challenges of the new world trade order and the
positive and quick response to the demands of world markets.The bulk
cotton produced in Pakistan has
cm.From this material,
yarn can be manufactured. According toestimates, however, this cotton has
high impurity content and high counts
foreign matter, trash and water.
is consequently regarded as poor by interna
tional standards. The impurities reduce the beneficial effect of the improvementin cultivars, impairing the quality
raw cotton and the rating
imperfect dyeing. The low quality of yarn produced in thecountry relates
unevenness, shading and contamination, defects that preventmanufacture of
final product with high value added.
an international quality standard that helps businesses define and document their
Counts are a means of qualifying the type of yarn produced.own quality procedures for production and/or services.