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Worksheet 5 -Instantaneous Rate of Change

# Worksheet 5 -Instantaneous Rate of Change

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10/25/2012

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Worksheet 5 – Rate of Change
2010
Objective:
To use derivative in solving rate of change problems.
1.The area of a sector in a circle is given by the formula
θ
2
21
A
=
where
isthe radius and is the central angle measured in radians.a.Find the rate of change of
A
with respect to if
remains constant. b.Find the rate of change of
A
with respect to
if remains constant.c.Find the rate of change of with respect to
if
A
remains constant.2.As air is pumped into a spherical balloon, the radius increases at the constantrate of 2 centimeters per second. What is the rate of change of the balloon’svolume when the radius is 10 centimeters? (The volume
is
3
34
π
.)3.An equilateral triangle of side length
x
and altitude
h
has area
A
given by
2
43
x A
=
where
h x
332
=
. Find the rate of change of
A
with respect to
h
and determine this rate of change when
32
=
h
.4.An object moves along the x-axis, its position at each time
0
is given by
244)(
234
++=
x
. Determine the times, if any, at whicha.the velocity is zero, b.the acceleration is zero. 5.If a stone is thrown vertically upward from the surface of the moon with avelocity of 10 m/s, its height (in meters) after
seconds is
2
83.010
h
=
.a.What is the velocity of the stone after 3 s? b.What is the velocity of the stone after it has risen 25 m?6.Find equations for the lines that are tangent and normal to the curve
y x y y x
+=+
233
at the points (1,1) and (1,-1).7.Find equations for the lines that are tangent and normal to the curve
2
12sin)(
x x x  f
+=
at the points (0,0).1FAM 0035 January 2010