theword “Hebrew,” as found in the Old Testament,comes from the Hebrew word
(#5680)which refers to “an Eberite or descendant of Eber.”
1. Genesis chapter 10
tells us that Eber was a descendant of Shem who was one of Noah’s sons. The word “Hebrew” (Eberite) is aFAMILYname:thefamilyorDESCENDANTSofEber.
. Who is the Hebrewmentioned in
verses 14 and 17
Exodus chapter 1
. Themidwives mentioned in verses
15, 16 and 19
were from what nation of people? (See
The first place the word“Hebrew” is used in the Old Testament (KingJames Version) is
. This versetells us that Abram (later called Abraham) was aHebrew, meaning that he was of the family of Eber. Thus, any descendant of Abraham couldACCURATELY be called a Hebrew. WereIsaac,JacobandEsauHebrews?Yes,becauseallthree were descendants of Abraham and thus belong to the family of Eber. Were Shem, Noahand Adam Hebrews? NO, because all three livedBEFOREEberwasbornBydefinition,theword“Hebrew”canbetraced back to Eber -- AND NO FURTHER!Eber was
the first Hebrew
, contrary to whatsomepeoplesay.
The Hebrew word Yisrael from whichthe word “Israel” is translated comes from twootherHebrewwords:
#8280-82), meaning “prince” or “princess,” (see root #8269 -- ruler) and
(#410), meaning “mighty one; God.” TheHebrew word
is used in many places as part of the various names given to YEHOVAH God.Thus,Yisraelmeans“YEHOVAHisourPrince”or “ruled by YEHOVAH.”
Genenius’ Hebrew-Chaldean Lexicon
defines the Hebrewword
: “soldier of God.” This name wasgiven to Jacob, after he wrestled with and prevailed over a “man,” inferring thatYEHOVAH God was with Jacob
In verse 30 we read thatJacob named the place of this struggle “Peniel”(#6439) which in the Hebrew means “face of God.”
YEHOVAH Godconfirmed the changing of Jacob’s name toIsrael.
Israel is a FAMILYname: the family or DESCENDANTS of Jacob.The first time we find this word used in the OldTestament (King James Version) is
which tells us that Jacob’s name waschanged to “Israel.” (See also
).The twelve sons of Jacob and their descendants becameknownas“Israelites”(alsothe“childrenof Israel), and together they formed the nation of Israel.
, who did the apostlePaul say were his brethren and kinsmenaccording to the flesh?
, what did Paul callhimself? And what tribe did he belong to?
What man calls himself both anIsraelite AND a Hebrew in
, who didYeshua the Messiah say was an Israelite?
, what people did Joshua lead across the Jordan River?
I Kings 12:23