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Slavery in the Civil War Era

Slavery in the Civil War Era

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Published by: Alim Talib Rashid El Mustafa on Jul 28, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/12/2013

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Slavery In 
e Civil War Era
 
Over 
e years
ere has been a weal 
of informa
 
on wri 
 
en about 
e
“ 
 peculiar ins
 
tu 
 
on 
” 
 
asit was ca
ed 
en 
 )
of slavery in 
e Civil War era.
 
Someof it accura
, some of it fantasy.
e fo
owinga
 
empts
give a brief picture of what it was like.
 
It consists of 
ree ar 
 
cles: An 
be
um Slavery, SlaveryDuring
e Civil War, which discusses
e
“ 
 peculiar ins
 
tu 
 
on 
” 
before and during
e war, and 
 fi 
na
 y,Slave Life, which discusses
e daily lives of slaves,
eir socie
and culture.
e source for 
is page was:
Macmi 
an Informa
 
on Now Encyclopedia,
“T 
e Confederacy
” 
and 
e ar 
 
cles by
 
Robert Francis Engs in 
at document.
is Page last upda
d 02/24/02
ANTEBELLUM SLAVERY 
e enslavement of A 
 f 
ican Americans in what 
 
became
e Uni 
d Sta
s forma
 y began during
e1630s and l64Os. At 
at 
 
me colonial courts and legislatures made clear 
at A 
 f 
icans--unlike whi 
 indentured servants--served 
eir mas
rs for life and 
at 
eir slave status would be inheri 
d by
eir children. Slavery in 
e Uni 
d Sta
s ended in 
emid-1860s. Abraham Lincoln 
’ 
s Emancipa
 
on Proclama
 
on of January 1863 was a mas
  
ropaganda tac 
 
c, but in 
 
, it proclaimed 
 f 
ee only
ose slaves outside
e con 
 
ol of 
e Federal overnment--
at is, only
ose in areas s
l 
con 
 
o
ed by
e Confederacy.
e legal end 
slavery in 
ena
 
on came in December 1865 when 
e
ir 
en 
 Amendment was ra
fi 
ed, it declared:
“ 
Nei 
er slaverynor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof 
e par 
sha
have been duly convic 
d,sha
exist wi 
in 
e Uni 
d Sta
s, or any place subject 
 
eir jurisdic 
 
on.
” 
 
Development of American Slavery
e his
ry of A 
 f 
ican American slavery in 
eUni 
d Sta
s can be divided in 
two periods:
e
 fi 
rst coincided wi 
 
e colonial years, about 1650
1790;
e second las
 f 
om American independence
rough 
e Civil War, 1790
1865. Prior 
independence,slavery exis
d in a
 
e American colonies and 
ereforewas not an issue of sec 
 
onal deba
. Wi 
 
e arrival of independence, however,
e new Nor 
ern sta
s--
ose of New England along wi 
New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey--came
see slavery as con 
 
adic 
ry
 
eideals of 
e Revolu 
 
on and ins
 
tu 
d programs of radual emancipa
 
on. By 1820
ere were only about 3,000 slaves in 
e Nor 
, almost a
of 
em working on large farms in New Jersey. Slavery could be abolished more easily in 
e Nor 
because
ere were far fewer slaves in 
ose sta
s, and 
ey were not a vital part of Nor 
ern economies.
ere were plen 
of 
 f 
ee whi 
men 

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