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Halakhic Will

Halakhic Will

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Published by DanielALevine

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Published by: DanielALevine on Jul 28, 2010
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10/25/2012

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Halachic
Will Materials
1.
 
Article by Rabbi Mordechai Willig egarding the
Halacha
of Wills (pp.r2‐3)
 
2. Form o
Shtar 
 
Chatzi
 
 Zachar 
(p. 4)
 
in Shenkman, Esq. regarding3.
 
Article by Rabbi Aryeh Weil and Mart 
Halacha
and Inheritance (pp. 5‐7)
 
1
 
 
 
THE HALACHAH OF WILLS
By Rabbi Mordechai Willig
The monetary laws of the Torah, as recorded in
Choshen Mishpat 
, have unfortunately beenlargely disregarded even within the Orthodox community. Litigation between two Jews before asecular court is prohibited,
1 
and one who extracts money to which he or she is not entitled underTorah law is guilty of 
gezel 
theft.The principle of 
dina d’malchusa dina
does not apply when two Jews are involved, for if it would, then – as the Ramo says
2 
– all the monetary laws of the Torah would be
botel
null andvoid. While in many circles
Choshen Mishpat 
is de facto
botel
, the observant individual resolvesonetam ry disputed only by compromise or in a
din torah
before a
beis din
.However, there is one area of monetary law which affects everyone, even the majority whosucceed in avoiding disputes and litigations. This is the area of 
Yerusha
. According to the Torah’slaws of inheritance, a man’s sons – if he has any– are his sole heirs,
3 
each getting an equal share,except for the
b’chor
who gets a double share.
4 
In addition, the halacha provides for the widow,who can exercise one of two options. She can receive food, clothing, and shelter f rom her late husband’s estate indefinitely, losing these rights only if and when she remarries,
5 
or she can receivea lump sum payment of the
kesuba
, which currently totals over $33,000.
6 
The halacha also provides for single daughters, entitling them to food, clothing, and shelter until they mature,
7 
1
 
וש
"
וח
 
ע
"
וכ
 
מ
:
א
 
2
 
טסש
 
םש
:
אי
 
3
 
במר
"
א
 
תולחנ
 
תוכלה
 
ם
:
ה
.
 
4
 
ב
 
םש
:
א
 
5
 
וש
"
הא
 
ע
"
גצ
 
ע
:
ע
 
ךא
 
ג
"
פב
 
ש
"
קס
 
ת
"
ליו
 
ה
"
הזב
 
ע
"
ז
 
6
 
הא
 
שיא
 
ןוזח
"
וס
 
ע
:
אכ
 
7
 
וש
"
הא
 
ע
"
בק
 
ע
:
א
 
8
 
גק
 
םש
:
א
 
9
 
וש
"
וח
 
ע
"
מרו
 
חנר
 
מ
"
ס
 
םש
 
א
"
ב
 
10
 
מהפסל
 
תופסוה
"
ל
 
צ
"
בי
 
ת
 
11
 
וש
"
וח
 
ע
"
אפר
 
מ
:
א
 
2
 
 
However, a halachic
kinyan
is required, the simples of which is
sudar
, which is effective forboth real and movable properties. It is noeffective, however, for property acquired after the gift ismade or for a person’s outstanding loans.
12 
While written loans e.g. bonds and bank accounts canbe transferred, there are logistical difficulties involved. In addition, a division by percentage, whichincludes future acquisitions, cannot be achievedby means of a gift. Hence, dividing one’s estate bymeans of gifts is effective only in limited cases.
12
 
מר
"
זנר
 
םש
 
א
:
ז
 
13
 
פ
"
קס
 
םש
 
ת
"
ו
 
14
 
מר
"
אפר
 
םש
 
א
:
ז
 
15
 
פ
 
ןייעו
 
םש
"
םש
 
ת
 
16
 
העבש
 
תלחנבש
 
חסונבד
 
ףאו
)
יס
'
אכ
(
אתיא
"
יב
 
רדהמל
 
אלד
'",
הזבש
 
הארנ
"
ןכ
 
בותכל
 
ומיכסי
 
אל
 
םדא
 
ינב
 
בור
 
ז
,
טרפבותואכרעב
 
השענש
 
האוצהמ
 
וב
 
רוזחל
 
לוכיש
.
3
 

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