Differential diagnosis of bird flu
SPECIFIC DISEASES OF POULTRY
Diseases caused by viruses and Chlamydia
Avian influenza (Fowl plague, highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI))
Avian influenza is a viral disease of several avian species in various parts of the world. The disease canrange from asymptomatic and mild to hyperacute and fatal. Avian influenza occurs infrequently in
. It is seen as an occupational hazard, primarily to those associated with varied activities in thepoultry industry; employees in abattoirs, vaccinators, laboratory staff and other personnel. In most casesthe clinical picture is that of
with rare systemic reactions. Avian influenza is reportabledisease in many countries. It has to be confirmed by virus isolation.
:Secretions from infected birds, by wild birds and contaminated feed, equipment andpeople. Seabirds and migratory waterfowl comprise the main reservoir for avian influenza virus.
:1.The incubation period varies from a few hours to about seven days.
The morbidity and mortality rates can reach 100 % in cases of highly pathogenic strain of theviruses.
Marked depression, loss of appetite and watery diarrhea
Coughing, sneezing, rales, excessive Lacrimation5.Drop in egg production in layers
The conjunctiva is congested and swollen, and occasionally hemorrhagic.
Swollen combs with cyanotic tips and hemorrhagic surface
Edematous wattles and edema around the eyes, head and neck
Ruffled feathers and dark red skin
Diffuse hemorrhages between the hocks and feet11.Blood in the cloaca12.Some birds may recover, even after being severely affected.
:1.Birds that die with the peracute form of AI may show no significant gross lesions2.Dehydration
In highly pathogenic influenza virus, fibrinous exudates are found in air sacs, oviduct, peritoneumand pericardial sacs.Mild to moderate infection
Inflammation of conjunctivae, trachea and air sacs5.Pronounced congestion of the musculature6.Ovarian regression in laying birds
Edema of the head with congestion, hemorrhages and cyanosis of the combs, wattles andsinuses8.Vesicles and ulceration of the comb
Petechial and ecchymosed hemorrhages in abdominal fat, various serosal and mucosal surfaces,heart, gizzards, proventriculus and small intestine
ecchymosed : The passage of blood fromruptured blood vessels into subcutaneous tissue, marked by a purple discoloration of the skin…petechial
A small purplish spot on a body surface, such as the skin or a mucous membrane,caused by a minute hemorrhage and often seen in typhus )
The feet often appear edematous with hemorrhages. Red discoloration of the shanks is alsonoted.
Dr.khaled fujairah municipality1