Sampling exam Blood parasite
Any stage of the cattle tick’s life cycle can become infected after feeding on animal carryingAnaplasma organisms in its blood stream.The organism multiplies in the tick and will pass to later stages of the tick life cycle.However, it does not appear the infection is passed on to the eggs in B microplus. Consequently, thenext generation of ticks will not be infected unless they also feed on a carrier animal
here fore an infected stage of the tick must transfer to a susceptible animal fortransmission to occur.2.Because the adult male tick is more mobile and lives longer than other stages, it is themost likely stage to transmit the disease.3.Biting flies can transmit the disease but are less efficient vectors than ticks. Mechanicaltransmission via veterinary instruments (needles, dehorners etc) is also possible and theorganism can cross the placenta to the foetus.
The severity of symptoms is age related, but acutely affected animals will show:1. Rapid loss of condition;2. Transient fever (40o - 41oC at peak infection);3. Weakness and respiratory distress particularly after exercise;4. Depression and loss of appetite;5. Mucous membranes pale (anemia) then yellow (jaundice).6. Urine is often brown due to bile pigments, but not red as in babesiosis;Severely affected animals may die.
Post mortem examination
1. Cattle that die of anaplasmosis are generally very anemic and jaundiced.2. Blood is thin and watery and the spleen is enlarged.3. The liver may be mottled and yellow-orange and the gall bladder is often enlarged and contains4.thick brown or green bile.5. Hemoglobin in the urine is not found in cattle that die of anaplasmosis, as in cases withleptospirosis, bacillary hemoglobinurria, and several other infectious diseases of cattle.
History, clinical signs and post mortem lesions are often suggestive of anaplasmosis, but it isimpossible to make an accurate diagnosis based on these signs alone.The best method of identifying the agent in infected animals is by microscopically examination ofstained thin blood films.
Making Blood Smears for Tick Fever Diagnosis
When to take smearsHow to make a thin blood smearThick smearsHints for better diagnostic results
By dr.khaled fujairah municipality