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Tafsir Ibn Kathir - 002 Baqarah II

Tafsir Ibn Kathir - 002 Baqarah II

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Published by: Salahuddin Musliim on Jul 29, 2010
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02/13/2013

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1
Revealed in Madinah
 
Part II (Ayah 186-286)
ِ ا ِَ ـْا ِّ ا ِْ ِ 
 
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
ٌِَ   ِَ   َ  يِدَ ِ  ََ ََ  اَذِإَو
2:186 And when My servants ask you (OMuhammad concerning Me, then answer them), Iam indeed near (to them by My knowledge).
ْاُ ِ ْُ ْ َو ِ ْاُ ِ َ ْَ ْ َ  ِنَ َد اَذِإ ِعاا َةَْ َد ُِ ُأ َنوُُ ْَ  ْُ  َ َ  ِ ﺏ
I respond to the invocations of the supplicant whenhe calls on Me (without any mediator orintercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me,so that they may be led aright.
 
2
Allah hears the Servant's Supplication
Allah says;
 
ِنَ َد اَذِإ ِعاا َةَْ َد ُِ ُأ ٌِَ   ِَ   َ  يِدَ ِ  ََ ََ  اَذِإَو َ ْ َ ْ َ َنوُُ ْَ  ْُ  َ َ  ِ ﺏ ْاُ ِ ْُ ْ َو ِ  ْاُِ 
١٨٦
 
And when My servants ask you (O Muhammadconcerning Me, then answer them), I am indeed near (tothem by My knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without anymediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me andbelieve in Me, so that they may be led aright.Imam Ahmad reported that Abu Musa Al-Ashari said,"We were in the company of Allah's Messengerduring a battle. Whenever we climbed a highplace, went up a hill or went down a valley, weused to say, `Allah is the Most Great,' raising ourvoices.The Prophet came by us and said:
َ و َ َأ َنُ ْَ ﺕ َ  ْُ  ِَ  ،ْُ ِ ُ ْ َأ َ  اُ َ ﺏْرا ،ُس ا َ  َأ َ  َ ِإ ُبْ َأ َنُ ْَ ﺕ ي ا نإ ،اًِ َ ﺏ ً ِ َ  َنُ ْَ ﺕ َ  إ ،ً ِ َ  َُ  َ ُأ َ َأ ،ٍْَ  َْ ﺏ ِاَْ َ   ،ِ ِ َ ِ اَر ِُ ُ  ْِ  ْُ آِَ َأً َ ِ َ آ ِ ﺏ  ِإ َةُ  َ َو َلْَ  َ  ؟ِ  َ ْ ا ِزُ ُ آ ْِ 
O people! Be merciful to yourselves (i.e., don'traise your voices), for you are not calling a deaf or an absent one, but One Who is All-Hearer, All-Seer. The One Whom you call is closer to one of you than the neck of his animal.O Abdullah bin Qais (Abu Musa's name) should Iteach you a statement that is a treasure of Paradise: `
La hawla wa la quwwata illa billah
 (there is no power or strength except fromAllah).'
 
This
Hadith
was also recorded in the Two
Sahihs
, and Abu Dawud, An-Nasa'i, At-Tirmidhiand Ibn Majah recorded similar wordings.
 
3
Furthermore, Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas said thatthe Prophet said:
ِ َ َد اَذِإ ُ َ َ  َ َأَو ِ ﺏ يِْَ  َ  َْ ِ  َ َأ َ َ ﺕ ُا ُلُ َ 
"Allah the Exalted said, `I am as My servantthinks of Me, and I am with him whenever heinvokes Me.'
Allah accepts the Invocation
Imam Ahmad also recorded Abu Sa`id saying that the Prophetsaid:
،ٍِ َر ُ َ ِ َ  َ و ٌْِإ ِ  َْ َ  ٍةَْ َِ ﺏ َ َو َ  َا ُ ْَ  ٍِ ْ ُ  ْِ  َ  ٍلَ ِ  ِثَ َ  ىَْِإ َ ِ ﺏ ُا ُَ ْ َأ  إ:ْنَأ  ِإَو ،ُ َ ﺕَْ َد ُ َ   َ ُ  ْنَأ  ِإ ُا ِ  ُ َ  َ هَِ َ َ َ ْ ِ  ِء ا َِ  ُ ْ َ  َفِْ َ  ْنَأ  ِإَو ،ىَْ 
No Muslim supplicates to Allah with a
Du`a
that doesnot involve sin or cutting the relations of the womb, butAllah will grant him one of the three things.
o
 
He will either hasten the response to hissupplication,
o
 
save it for him until the Hereafter, or
o
 
would turn an equivalent amount of evil awayfrom him.''They said, "What if we were to recite more (
Du`a
).''He said,
َ ْآَأ ُا
there is more with Allah.Abdullah the son of Imam Ahmad recorded Ubaydah bin As-Samit saying that the Prophet said:
ُَ ﺕ  ِإ ٍةَْ ََ ﺏ َ َو َ  َا ُ ْَ  ٍِ ْ ُ  ٍُ َر ْِ  ِضْرَا ِْ َ  َ  َ  َ ِ َ  ْوَأ ٍْِِ ﺏ ُعْَ  ْَ َ  َ َ ْ ِ ِء ا َِ  ُ ْ َ  َ آ ْوَأ ،َ ه إ ُاِ َر ِ 
There is no Muslim man on the face of the earth whosupplicates to Allah but Allah would either grant it tohim, or avert harm from him of equal proportions, aslong as his supplication does not involve sin or cuttingthe relations of the womb.

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