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Tafsir Ibn Kathir - 016 Nahl

Tafsir Ibn Kathir - 016 Nahl

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Published by Salahuddin Musliim

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Published by: Salahuddin Musliim on Jul 29, 2010
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04/23/2011

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1
Revealed in Makkah
ِا ِَـْا ِّا ِْِ 
 
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the MostMerciful.
َ َـَََو ُَـَْُﺱ ُُِْَْَ ََ ِا ُْﻡَأ ََأ َنُآِْُی 
16:1 The Event ordained by Allah has indeed come,so do not seek to hasten it. Glorified and Exalted beHe above all that they associate as partners withHim.
Warning about the approach of the Hour
Allah says:
 
ِّا ُْﻡَأ ََأ...
 
The Event ordained by Allah has indeed come,Allah is informing about the approach of the Hourin the past tense (in Arabic) in order to confirmthat it will undoubtedly come to pass.
 
2
This is like the following
Ayat
, in which the verbsappear in the past tense in Arabic:
ِ ْُهَو ْُُـَِ ِسِ َبََْاَنُِْﻡ ٍَْَ
Mankind's reckoning has drawn near them, whilethey turn away in heedlessness. (21:1)
 
ُََْا َﻥاَو ُَا ِَََْا
The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has beencleft. (54:1)
 
...ُُِْَْَ ََ ...
 
so do not seek to hasten it.means, what was far is now near, so do not try torush it. As Allah said,
ُباََْا ُُهَءََﻡ ٌَﺝَأ َْََو ِباََْِََﻥُِْَْَیَو  َنوُُْَی َ ْُهَو ًَْَ ْُَِْَََو  َْِ ََﻥُِْَْَی َیِِـَْِ ٌَِُَ َََﺝ نِإَو ِباَ 
And they ask you to hasten the torment (forthem), and had it not been for a term appointed,the torment would certainly have come to them.And surely, it will come upon them suddenly whilethey are unaware!They ask you to hasten on the torment. Andverily! Hell, of a surety, will encompass thedisbelievers. (29:53-54)Ibn Abi Hatim reported from Uqbah bin Amir that theMessenger of Allah said:
ُءاَدْَﺱ ٌَََﺱ ِَا َْِْُْََُُْَ َْِﻡ ِبِْَْا َِﻡ  َِٍدَُﻡ يِدَُی ُﺙ ِءَا ِُِَْَُلاََََ،ِسْا:َی  ُساَیَأ ٍْَ ََ ْُُْَ ُسا ُِْُَ :،ْُْِَﺱ ْَه
 
3
ُلُَی ْَﻡ ْُْِَ :،ُَی ْَﻡ ْُْِﻡَو ،ْََﻥ  ُﺙ ََِﻥا يِدَُی :ُسا َیَأ َی  ٍْَِ ْُُْَ ُسا ُلُََ :،ْُْِَﺱ ْَه َنُُََ :،ْََﻥ  ََِا يِدَُی ُﺙ :ُسا َیَأ َی  ُِْَْَ ََ ِا ُْﻡَأ ََأ
When the Hour approaches, a black cloudresembling a shield will emerge upon from thewest. It will continue rising in the sky, then avoice will call out, `O mankind!'The people will say to one another, `Did you hearthat!'Some will say, `yes', but others will doubt it.Then a second call will come, `O mankind!'The people will say to one another, `Did you hearthat!'And they will say, `Yes.'Then a third call will come, `O mankind!'The Event ordained by Allah has indeed come, sodo not seek to hasten it.'The Messenger of Allah said:
ِِﻥَیِْَی َََبا ِناَُْََِْَُﺝا نِإ ،ِِَِِْَﻥ يِا ََ  ،اًََأ ،اًََأ ًْَﺵ ِِ ِْَی ََ ُَْَ نُََ َُﺝا نِإَو  اًََأ ُُِْَی ََ ُَََﻥ ُُْََ َُﺝا نِإَو  َ سا ُِَْَیَو َل 

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