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Tafsir Ibn Kathir - 017 Isra

Tafsir Ibn Kathir - 017 Isra

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Published by Salahuddin Musliim

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Published by: Salahuddin Musliim on Jul 29, 2010
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10/28/2011

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1
Revealed in Makkah
The Virtues of Surah Al-Isra'
Imam Al-Hafiz Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Ismail Al-Bukharirecorded that Ibn Mas`ud said concerning Surah
Al-Isra'
(i.e.,Surah
Bani Isra`il
),
Al-Kahf 
and
Maryam
:"They are among the earliest and most beautiful
Surahs
 and they are my treasure.''Imam Ahmad recorded that A'ishah said:"The Messenger of Allah used to fast until we would say,he does not want to break his fast, then he would notfast until we would say, he does not want to fast, and heused to recite Bani
Isra'il
and
Az-Zumar
every night.''
 
2
ِا ِَـْا ِّا ِْِ 
 
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the MostMerciful.
َِإ ِماََْا ِِْَْا َّﻡ ًْَ ِِْَِ ىَْﺱَأ ىِا َنَْُﺱ  ْا ِِْَْاَِـَیاء ْِﻡ ُَیِُِ ُَْَ َْآَرَ ىِا َْ 
17:1 Glorified be He Who took His servant for aJourney by Night from Al-Masjid Al-Haram to Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa, the neighborhood whereof We haveblessed, in order that We might show him of OurAyat.
ُِَا ُِا َُه ُﻥِإ
Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.
The Isra' (Night Journey)
Allah glorifies Himself,
َنَْُﺱ ...
 
Glorified be He,Allah glorifies Himself, for His ability to do thatwhich none but He can do, for there is no God butHe and no Lord besides Him.
...ِِْَِ ىَْﺱَأ يِا...
 
Who took His servant for a Journey,refers to Muhammad.
...ًْَ ...
 
by Night,means, in the depths of the night.
...ِماََْا ِِْَْا َﻡ ...
 
from
Al-Masjid Al-Haram
,means the
Masjid
in Makkah.
 
3
...َْَا ِِْَْا َِإ...
 
to
Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa
,means the Sacred House which is in Jerusalem,the origin of the Prophets from the time of Ibrahim
Al-Khalil
.The Prophets all gathered there, and he(Muhammad) led them in prayer in their ownhomeland. This indicates that he is the greatestleader of all, may the peace and blessings of Allahbe upon him and upon them.
...ُَْَ َْآَرَ يِا...
 
the neighborhood whereof We have blessed,means, its agricultural produce and fruits areblessed
...ُَیِُِ ...
 
in order that We might show him, (i.e., Muhammad),
...َِﺕَی ْِﻡ ...
 
of Our
Ayat
.i.e., great signs.As Allah says:
ىَْُْا ِَر ِـَیاَء ْِﻡ ىَأَر ْََ 
Indeed he did see of the greatest signs, of hisLord (Allah). (53:18)We will mention below what was narrated in the
Sunnah
concerning this.
...ُِَا ُِا َُه ُﻥِإ
١
 
Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.means, He hears all the words of His servants,believers and disbelievers, faithful and infidel, andHe sees them and gives each of them what hedeserves in this world and the Hereafter.

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