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MIT Radiation Lab Series, V3, Radar Beacons

MIT Radiation Lab Series, V3, Radar Beacons

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Published by Kevin Haworth
MIT Radiation Laboratory Series, Radar Beacons - Volume 3, 1947
MIT Radiation Laboratory Series, Radar Beacons - Volume 3, 1947

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categoriesTypes, Research
Published by: Kevin Haworth on Jul 29, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/14/2013

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PARTI
BASICCONSIDERATIONS
Theyalsoservewhoonlystandandwait.
 
CHAPTER1THEUSESOFBEACONSBYL.A.TUBNERANDA.ROBERTSTHENATUREOFRADARBEACONS1.1.TheEchoandtheBeacon.Asiswellknown,aradarsetoper-atesbysendingoutpowerfulpulsesofradiowavesandthenreceivingtheportionsoftheenergythatarereflectedbacktoit.,Theelapsedtimebetweentheemissionofapulseandthereturnofanechoisameasureofthedistancetothereflectingtarget.Further,bymeansofsuitableantennasystems,theradioenergyisconcentratedintonarrowbeams-insomewhatthesamewaythatlightisconcentratedintoabeambyasearchlight-sothattheechoesarereceivedonlywhentheradarsetislookingatthetarget.Bypropercoordinationofthemotionoftheantennaandthesweepofanintensity-modulatedbeamofelectronsofacathode-raytube,aplanviewofthereflectingtargetsintheregionoftheradarsetistracedoutfortheuseoftheoperator.Thesimpleradarsetisentirelyadequateformanypurposes.Often,however,echoesaretooweaktobeobserved,asarethosefromasmallairplaneatagreatdistance,forexample.Underothercircumstances,strongechoesfromnumerousbuildlngs,hills,ormountainsmaskweakerechoesfromtargetsofgreaterinterest.Furthermore,forthebenefitofaircraftcarryingradarsets,itissometimesdesiredtomarksomepartic-ularplaceonthegroundthatgivesnodistinguishingecho.Inallsuchcasesradarbeaconsfindtheiruse.Aradarbeaconisadevicethat,uponreceptionoftheoriginalradarpulses,triggersitsowntransmittertogiveastrongreplyofoneormorepulsesindependentofthepossibleradarechoesfromthevicinity.Thebeacon,therefore,maybesaidtoactasanamplifieroftheecho.Thebeacontransmitterneednotbeverypowerfultobeabletogiveareplymuchstrongerthantheechofromusualtargets.Figure1.1showstheappearanceofbeaconrepliesonaplan-positionindicator(PPI).1.2.WhattheBeaconIsandDoes.Aradarbeaconisadevicethatisnormallyquiescent;itispassive.Withoutexternalstimulation,aradarbeacondoesnothingofanyinterestwhatever.Whenasuitablepulsedsignalreachesit,however,thebeaconisactuatedthestandardter-bythereceivedsignal,andemitsapulseinologyistriggered-2

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