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Published by MASII
case study on diarrhea
case study on diarrhea

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Published by: MASII on Jul 29, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Diarrhea is one of the most common diagnoses in general practice. It isestimated that each year US adults experience 99 million episodes of acute diarrhea or gastroenteritis.
In the United States, there are about 8 million physician visits and morethan 250,000 hospital admissions each year (1.5% of adult hospitalizations) due todiarrhea or gastroenteritis.
Most of the deaths associated with diarrhea illness occur inthe very young and the elderly populations, whose health may be put at risk from amoderate amount of dehydration. The rate of diarrhea illnesses is 2 to 3 times greater indeveloping countries.The prevalence of diarrhea is not uniform in the general population. Food-andwater-borne outbreaks involving a relatively small subset of population and recurrentbouts of illness in others make up the bulk of the cases. Diarrhea is more prevalentamong adults who are exposed to children and non-toilet-trained infants, particularly ina daycare setting; travelers to tropical regions; homosexual males; persons withunderlying immunosuppressant; and those living in unhygienic environments and havingexposure to contaminated water or foods.Every baby or child has different bowel habits. Your baby may have as many as4 to 10 stools a day or as few as 1 every 3 days. Many breast-fed babies will have abowel movement with each feeding and sometimes between feedings. During infancy,normal stool may be runny or pasty, especially if the baby is breast-fed. The presenceof mucus in the stool is not uncommon. Unless there is a change in your baby's normalhabits, loose and frequent stools are not considered to be diarrhea.Children can have acute or chronic forms of diarrhea. Causes include bacteria,viruses, parasites, medications, functional disorders, and food sensitivities. Infectionwith the rotavirus is the most common cause of acute childhood diarrhea. Rotavirusdiarrhea usually resolves in 3 to 9 days.Medications to treat diarrhea in adults can be dangerous to children and shouldbe given only under a doctor's guidance.
The definition of diarrhea depends on what is normal for you. For some, diarrheacan be as little as one loose stool per day. Others may have three daily bowelmovements normally and not be having what they consider diarrhea as long as they arenot dehydrated. So the best description of diarrhea is "an abnormal increase in thefrequency and liquidity of your stools. But we have to know how serious it is and what todo about it. We usually catch infectious types of diarrhea by actually eating microscopicviruses, bacteria, or parasites. These microbes then flourish in our intestines, causingdamage and diarrhea. The offending microbes usually are passed from the diarrhea of others. For example, if we don’t wash our hands after having bowel movements, wecan easily pass these infections through preparation of food, shaking hands or other casual contact. And mind you this mode of transmission can be just as contagious as acold or respiratory flu.Here are some helpful tips to prevent the transmission of the disease:
Prevention is a matter of good hygiene. Always wash your hands beforepreparing your own food or for others.
Keep your hands away from your hands and mouth in general.
Wash after shaking hands with a number of people.
Of course, always wash your hands after using the bathroom, and be wary of those who don’t!
B. Objective of the study
The aim of this study is to help and give much information for the patient’scondition and providing also comfort while the patient is not well and not on rightcondition and helps the patient while having some discomfort in his recovery. Havingthis information and reference can help other students having the same case.All the given care to the patient while he is admitted in the Male Medical ward isreflected in this study in the one week rotation at J.R Borja General Hospital. This couldbe a guide and helps to improve skills in handling patient having the same case of diarrhea. It helps also to be a reference for more studies to come.
C. Scope and Limitation of the study
This study focuses on determining the main concern or problems of thepatient that impedes their progress towards the improvement of health condition. Thiscare study covers the assessment from June 29, 30 and July 1, 2008. During this shortspan of our Hospital exposure at medical ward through duties at J.R Borja GeneralHospital, Cagayan de Oro City, and data gathered through interview and observationwere recorded. It mainly covers about Vince Miguel Behiga, history of his presentillness, his lifestyle, and current condition. It is however limited only up to what it iswritten on the chart of the patient and to the extent of the resources (verbal and nonverbal) provided to us by his mother.

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