Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
6Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Sound-generated Space

Sound-generated Space

Ratings: (0)|Views: 624|Likes:
Published by Jesper Bonde

More info:

Published by: Jesper Bonde on Jul 29, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

04/02/2013

pdf

text

original

 
1
Sound-generated Space
Jesper BondeThe Royal Danish Academy of Fine ArtsSchool of Architecture, Copenhagen, Denmark  jb@jesperbonde.comwww.jesperbonde.com
Abstract
Canmusicbetranslatedintoarchitecture?Isitpossibletotransmitthemusicalatmosphericqualitiesofagiven pieceofmusictoanarchitecturalspaceasatmosphericspatialquality?Thisresearchdealswiththeperceptionandrelationshipbetweenmusic,body,andarchitectureinordertodevelopanarchitecturaldesigntoolbasedonthequantitativeandqualitativeparametersofmusic.Bydigitalizingtheprocessescontrollingtheproductionofmusicandarchitecture,itispossibletolinkthetwoartformsina3Dvirtualdesignsetup.Asimultaneousdevelopmentoftwoarchitecturalprojectsandthetheorybehindthem,formabasisforaresearchdiscussingdifferentaspectsofthetranslationbetweenmusicandarchitecture.Throughdynamicanimations,thearchitecturalspaceandprogrammearetransformedbytheactionofmusic.Theargumentationisbasedpartlyonthespatialqualityofthenalarchitecturaloutput,andpartlyonthedesignmethod´sabilitytocreatespace,thatthedesignercouldnotimaginewhentheprocesswasinitiated.Keywords:architecture,music,parametricdesign,animation,methodology,computationaldesign
1. Preface
Isitpossibletotranslatemusicintoarchitecture,inawaythatthespacegeneratedholdsauniquespatialquality?Untilafewyearsagothetranslationofmusicintoarchitectureconsistedofanabstractsketchinterpretingagiven pieceofmusic,whichthenprovidedabasisforthedesign.Today,botharchitecturalandmusicalproductionisdigital.Thetwoartformscanbedeductedintoalmostsimilardigitalparametersandthroughthisdeductiontheycanbetranslatedintooneanother.Thepurposeofthisresearchistodiscoverawaytoconnectmusicandarchitecture–tocreateasymbioticrelation-ship,wherebothhaveaneffectontheother.However,thetranslationbetweenmusicandarchitectureisnotmainlyaquantitativetranslation,butaqualitativetranslationbasedonquantitativeparameters.Musicbecomesadesigntool,whendesigningarchitecturalspace.Itsinherentatmosphericqualitiesaffectthequalityofspace.Theperceptionofarchitectureandmusicisvitalwhendealingwiththisrelationship.Whenexperiencingarchitec-ture,thebodymovesthroughspaceandthearchitectureisstatic.However,whenexperiencingmusic,thebodyisstaticandthemusicisdynamic.Thiscontrasthastobeconsidered,whentranslatingthetwoartforms.Neverthe-less,usingthebodyasanentityoftranslationbetweenarchitectureandmusicgivestheopportunitytoresearchonamoresubjectiverelationshipbetweentheperceptionofmusic,body,andspace.Onepossibilityistomovemusicthroughthearchitecture,inordertoapproachthesubject´sperceptionofspace.Anotheroptionistomakethemusicstaticandthearchitecturedynamic,inordertogetclosertothesubject´sperceptionofmusic.Thisresearchdiscussestheprosandconsofbothmethods.
2. Music and Architecture
Soundisarepetitivetransmissionofsoundwavesthroughair.Itcanbedenedbythepropertiesofsoundwaves:frequency,wavelength,period,amplitude,andspeed.Thehumanearcanperceivefrom20Hzto20kHz–butinthegeneraldenitionofsound,frequenciesunderandabovethisintervalisalsoincluded.Eventhoughsoundcan bedescribedfromthesephysicaldenitions,thisresearchdealswithamorecomplexcompositionofsoundwaves,wheredifferentsoundscreatestructures,rhythm,notesandnallybecomemusic.Therelationshipbetweensoundandmusiccanbecomparedtotherelationshipbetweenbuildingandarchitecture.Therearesomeatmosphericlay-
 
2ersinarchitectureandmusic,whichcannotbefoundinbuildingandsound-ortoputinanotherway:theentitiesofarchitectureandmusiccannotbegrasped,perceived,andanalyzedinaphysicalway.However,thecontainerofarchitectureandmusic,whichisbuildingandsound,canbeanalyzedanddeductedintotheory.Musicandarchitecturearebothspatialartforms.Musicdealswiththespaceofthelistener,whichinsomecasesissimilartothearchitecturalspace,althoughitcandifferwhenusingforinstanceheadphones.Furthermore,musicisalsoanartformdealingwiththeconceptoftime-usually,linearitywithinadenedtimeframe.However,the perceptionofarchitecturedoesnotnecessarilyhavetobewithinagiventimeframe.Therefore,theperceptionofarchitecturecandifferfromtheperceptionofmusicintermsofdenitionofspace,andtheconnectiontotheconceptoftime.Thisresearchdiscussestimeandspaceinconjunctionwiththetranslationbetweenmusicandarchitecture. Newdigitaltechnologiesprovideapossibilityformusictoinuencethearchitecturalspaceinground-breakingways.Musiccandirectlyinuencethephysicalenvironmentandnotonlytheatmosphere.Insteadofbeingasec-ondaryelementaddedafterthedesignofthebuilding,musiccanbeusedasadesigntool,whendevelopingformandfunction.Musicwillgainspatialrelevanceonequaltermswithotherarchitectural,artisticeffectslikelight,materiality,andprogramme.Anyquantitativeparametercouldbeusedasadesigntool.However,musicholdssomeinherentqualitiesbesidethequantitativeparameters,whichcanbeusedtocreateatmosphereinanarchitecturalspace.Musiccreatesatmo-sphereinthespaceofthelistener,andbyusingthemusicasaspace-generatingparametertheatmospherecanbetransmittedfrommusictoarchitecture.
3. Technology and Methodology
Bydigitalizingtheprocessescontrollingtheproductionofmusicandarchitecture,itispossibletolinkthetwo.Thesetupcanbeconsideredasamachine,wheredifferentquantitativeinputscreate3Ddiagramsdescribingaspatialsequence.Inthisway,itispossibletoobtainthesamedifferentiationinthespatialsequenceasonecanhearinthemusic.The3Ddiagramsformthebasisforarchitecture,discussinggeneralarchitecturalproblems,butwithanextralayer-themusicalpointofdeparture.Ingeneral,itisalinearmethodologyconsistingofseveralnon-linearintermediateprocesses-feedbackloops.Thetranslationofmusicintoarchitectureisconductedasrepeatingexperimentswithaqualitativediscussionofthearchitecturaloutput.Theaimistodevelopandchallengethearchitecturaltoolboxthroughaspecicmethodthattransformsmusicintoarchitecture.Theresearchisbasedontwoarchitecturalprojectswithtwodifferentapproaches–twodifferentwaysoftranslat-ingmusicintoarchitecture.Oneisstartingfromamusicalperspectiveandtheotherfromanarchitecturalperspec-tive.Theargumentationisbasedpartlyonthespatialqualityofthenalarchitecturaloutput,andpartlyonthedesignmethod´sabilitytocreatespace,thatthedesignercannotimaginebeforehand.Thearchitecturalprojectsandthetheorybehindthemaredevelopedsimultaneously.Itisnotatheoryprovedbytwophysicalarchitectural projects,norisittwoprojectsrationalizedbyposttheory.Thetheoryandthearchitecturalprojectshavebeende-velopedinasymbioticrelationship,wherethepracticalandthetheoreticalhaveequallyinuencedtheresearchbyahermeneutical,phenomenologicalapproach.
4. Sound-generated Space_ Housing for Musicians
Thisprojectusesthetranslationofmusicintoarchitectureinawayclosetotheperceptionofarchitecture.Thetranslationisseenfromanarchitecturalpointofview,wheremusicisanimatedalongapathsimilartoabody´smovementthroughspace.However,architectureisseldomexperiencedasonespatialsequence,butasseveralindependentsystemsinteractingwithinagivenform.Therefore,theanimationismadefrom80differentindepen-dentsystems,interactingwhenplayed.Onbasisofthedeploymentofthearchitecturalprogrammeonthesite,musiciscomposedtocontrolananima-tionofthebuilding,whereeachinstrumentcontrolsachoreographedspatialsequence.Byanimatingthemusicalongthepathsoftheprogrammeitispossibletotranslatethemusicintoananimationofachoreographedspatialsequence.
 
3Onesystemcanbesetuptoperformlive(Figure1),byre-cordingmusicinto3DStudiomax,wherethesoundaffectsthedynamicsofaparticlesystem,whicharedeforminganobject.However,whenusing80simultaneoussystems,soundhastoberecordedinadvance,inordertoaffect80differentparticlesystemsanimatedalong80different paths(Figure2).Thetimeframefortheanimationisthetimeitwouldtakeapersontomovefromthestreettoanygivenroomalongtheprogrammedeployedonthesite.Theoutputoftheanimation(Figure3&4)holdsanar-chitecturalqualitydifculttodescribewithoutreferringtothemusicanimatingit.However,theanimationinitselfishighlyinuentialonthenaloutcome.Itiseasytorecog-nizethefeaturesoftheanimationwiththedifferentpathsanddynamicsofthemusicworkingalongit.Nevertheless,thearchitecturalresultiswithoutreference,andthereforeholdsapotential,beingtheoutputofaprocess,thede-signercouldnothavepredictedwhenitwasinitiated.Theoutputhasthenbeendevelopedaccordingtootherarchitecturaleffectslikematerialityandlight(Figure5).Still,theatmosphereofthearchitectureisfaithfultotheatmosphereoftheoriginalmusic,andthearchitectureistrulyaproductofthemusicalpointofdepartureandthedynamicanimations.
PianoMBOX 2SoundmoduleActiveStudio MonitorsPro ToolsCamtasia
3D Studiomax
Sound (.Wav)Video (.avi)
Laptop
Zoom H2Stereo micSoundmoduleParticle system
speed
Regular shape
paticle displacepath animation
Animated geometry
Figure 1. Live system setupFigure 2. Animation of 80 systems (screenshot )Figure 3. Animation outputFigure 4. Animation output

Activity (6)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
cdcj17 liked this
btecharchi liked this
EGOSOLAR liked this
lmariloul liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->