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Solution Manual for Data Communications and Networking by Behrouz Forouzan

Solution Manual for Data Communications and Networking by Behrouz Forouzan

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Published by zm_butt2006
Data Communication solution manual by behrouz
Data Communication solution manual by behrouz

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: zm_butt2006 on Jul 31, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/16/2015

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1
CHAPTER 1
 Introduction
Solutions to Odd-Numbered Review Questions and Exercises
Review Questions
1.The five components of a data communication system are
 
the
sender
,
receiver
,
 transmission medium
,
 message
, and
 protocol 
.3.The three criteria are
 performance
,
 reliability
, and
 security
.5.Line configurations (or types of connections) are
 point-to-point
 
and
 multipoint
.7.In
 half-duplex transmission
, only one entity can send at a time; in a
 full-duplex transmission
, both entities can send at the same time.9.The number of cables for each type of network is:a.
 Mesh
:
n
(
n
– 1) / 2b.
Star
:
n
c.
 Ring
:
n
– 1d.
 Bus
: one backbone and n drop lines11.An
 
internet
is an interconnection of networks. The
 Internet
is the name of a spe-cific worldwide network 13.
Standards
are needed to create and maintain an open and competitive market formanufacturers, to coordinate protocol rules, and thus guarantee compatibility of data communication technologies.
Exercises
15.With
16
bits, we can represent up to
2
16
 
different colors.17.a.
 Mesh topology
: If one connection fails, the other connections will still be work-ing.b.
Star topology
: The other devices will still be able to send data through the hub;there will be no access to the device which has the failed connection to the hub.c.
Bus Topology
: All transmission stops if the failure is in the bus. If the drop-linefails, only the corresponding device cannot operate.
 
2
d.
 Ring Topology
: The failed connection may disable the whole network unless itis a dual ring or there is a by-pass mechanism.19.Theoretically, in a
 ring topology
, unplugging one station, interrupts the ring. How-ever, most ring networks use a mechanism that bypasses the station; the ring cancontinue its operation.21.See Figure 1.123.a.E-mail is not an interactive application. Even if it is delivered immediately, itmay stay in the mail-box of the receiver for a while. It is not sensitive to delay.b.We normally do not expect a file to be copied immediately. It is not very sensi-tive to delay.c.Surfing the Internet is the an application very sensitive to delay. We except toget access to the site we are searching.25.The telephone network was originally designed for voice communication; theInternet was originally designed for data communication. The two networks aresimilar in the fact that both are made of interconnections of small networks. Thetelephone network, as we will see in future chapters, is mostly a circuit-switchednetwork; the Internet is mostly a packet-switched network.
Figure 1.1
Solution to Exercise 21
StationStationStation
Repeater
StationStationStation
Repeater
StationStationStation
Repeater
Hub
 
1
CHAPTER 2
 Network Models
Solutions to Odd-Numbered Review Questions and Exercises
Review Questions
1.The Internet model, as discussed in this chapter, include
 physical 
,
 data link
,
 net-work
,
 transport
, and
 application
layers.3.The
 application
layer supports the user.5.
 Peer-to-peer processes
are processes on two or more devices communicating at asame layer7.
 Headers
and
 trailers
are control data added at the beginning and the end of eachdata unit at each layer of the sender and removed at the corresponding layers of thereceiver. They provide source and destination addresses, synchronization points,information for error detection, etc.9.The
data link layer 
is responsible fora.
 framing data bits
b.
 providing the physical addresses of the sender/receiver
c.
 data rate control 
d.
 detection and correction of damaged and lost frames
11.The
transport layer 
oversees the process-to-process delivery of the entire message.It is responsible fora. 
 dividing the message into manageable segments
b.
reassembling it at the destination
c. 
 flow and error control 
13.The
application layer services
include
 file transfer
,
 remote access
,
 shared data- base management
, and
 mail services
.
Exercises
15.The
 International Standards Organization
, or the
 International Organization of Standards
, (
ISO
) is a multinational body dedicated to worldwide agreement oninternational standards. An ISO standard that covers all aspects of network com-munications is the
Open Systems Interconnection
(
OSI
) model.

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