I. GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING (GTAW OR TIG) – THE PROCESS ANDITS USES
A. The process and applications:1. An electric arc is maintained between the base metal and a non–consumable tungstenelectrode.a. Power may be AC, DC or combination.2. The arc is maintained in an envelope of inert gas to shield the weld from atmosphericcontamination.3. Filler metal is provided by a bare metal rod held by the operator.4. The process was developed in the late 1930’s.a. Originally known as heliarc welding.b. Originally designed for non-ferrous metals such as aluminum and magnesium.B. Advantages of TIG welding:1. High quality welds.2. Little or no cleanup after weld, is necessary.3. Visibility of weld pool is good because no smoke is created.4. Very little postweld cleanup because filler metal is not transferred along the arc.5. It can be used in all positions.6. No slag produced, hence no chipping and cleanup.7. Allows maximum heat control for precision work.8. On some setups, heat input can be controlled and fine tuned by the use of a footpedal or trigger.9. When used on thinner metals the highly focused arc virtually eliminates warpage(distortion).C. Disadvantages of TIG welding:1. Slow process / low productivity.2. Equipment is expensive.
II. TERMINOLOGY AND DEFINITIONS
A. AC (Alternating Current): Electrical current that reverses its flow at set intervals.B. Amperage: A measurement of the rate of flow of electrical current.C. Arc: Flow of electricity through an air gap.D. Arc Flash: Burn to the eyes or skin caused by the ultraviolet and infrared lightemitted by an arc.