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Application+of+ANOVA

# Application+of+ANOVA

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03/11/2013

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Application of ANOVA
What is ANOVA?
An ANOVA is an analysis of the variation present in an experiment. It is a test of the hypothesis that the
ex
ist
e
nc
e
of diff
ere
nc
e
s among s
ever
alpopulation m
e
ans.

Application of ANOVA
ANOVA is d
e
sign
e
d to d
e
t
e
ct diff
ere
nc
e
samong m
e
ans f
om populations subj
e
ct todiff
ere
nt
treatments
ANOVA is a
j
oint
t
e
st
Th
e

eq
uality of s
ever
al population m
e
ans ist
e
st
e
d simultan
e
ously o
jointly.
ANOVA t
e
sts fo
th
e

eq
uality of s
ever
alpopulation m
e
ans by looking at two
e
stimato
s of th
e
population
v
a
ianc
e
(h
e
nc
e,

analysis of variance
)
.

In an analysis of
v
a
ianc
e:
We
ha
ve

ind
e
p
e
nd
e
nt
andom sampl
e
s
,

e
ach on
e
co
rre
sponding to a population subj
e
ct to a diff
ere
nt
treatment.
We
ha
ve:
n = n
1
+ n
2
+n
3
+...+n

total obs
erv
ations.
sampl
e
m
e
ans
:

x
1
,

x
2
,

x
3
,
...
,

x
Th
e
s
e

sampl
e
m
e
ans can b
e
us
e
d to calculat
e
an
e
stimato
of th
e
population
v
a
ianc
e
.
If the populationmeans are equal, we expect the variance among thesample means to be small
.
sampl
e

v
a
ianc
e
s
:
s
12
,
s
22
,
s
32
,
...
,
s
2
Th
e
s
e
sampl
e

v
a
ianc
e
s can b
e
us
e
d to find a
pooled estimator
of th
e
population
v
a
ianc
e
.
Th
e
Hypoth
e
sis T
e
st of Analysis of Va
ianc
e