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Application+of+ANOVA

Application+of+ANOVA

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Published by: abhay_prakash_ranjan on Jul 31, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/11/2013

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 Application of ANOVA
What is ANOVA?
 An ANOVA is an analysis of the variation present in an experiment. It is a test of the hypothesis that the
ex
ist
e
nc
e
of diff 
ere
nc
e
s among s
ever 
alpopulation m
e
ans.
 
Application of ANOVA
 ANOVA is d
e
sign
e
d to d
e
t
e
ct diff 
ere
nc
e
samong m
e
ans f 
om populations subj
e
ct todiff 
ere
nt
treatments
 ANOVA is a
 j 
oint 
t
e
st
Th
e
 
eq
uality of s
ever 
al population m
e
ans ist
e
st
e
d simultan
e
ously o
jointly.
 ANOVA t
e
sts fo
th
e
 
eq
uality of s
ever 
alpopulation m
e
ans by looking at two
e
stimato
s of th
e
population
v
a
ianc
e
(h
e
nc
e,
 
analysis of variance
)
.
 
In an analysis of 
v
a
ianc
e:
We
ha
ve
 
ind
e
p
e
nd
e
nt
andom sampl
e
s
,
 
e
ach on
e
 co
rre
sponding to a population subj
e
ct to a diff 
ere
nt
treatment.
We
ha
ve:
n = n
1
+ n
2
+n
3
+...+n
 
total obs
erv
ations.
sampl
e
m
e
ans
:
 
x
1
,
 
x
2
,
 
x
3
,
...
,
 
x
Th
e
s
e
 
sampl
e
m
e
ans can b
e
us
e
d to calculat
e
an
e
stimato
of th
e
population
v
a
ianc
e
.
If the populationmeans are equal, we expect the variance among thesample means to be small 
.
sampl
e
 
v
a
ianc
e
s
:
s
12
,
s
22
,
s
32
,
...
,
s
2
Th
e
s
e
sampl
e
 
v
a
ianc
e
s can b
e
us
e
d to find a
 pooled estimator 
of th
e
population
v
a
ianc
e
.
Th
e
Hypoth
e
sis T
e
st of Analysis of Va
ianc
e

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