Globalization is shaping a new system of internationaleconomic relations. Be it the field of investment, production, trade,finance or technology. The globalization however is very vast as it meansdifferent things to different people. The wider view equals globalizationwith the nation of “Vasudhaiv Kutumbakam” (the whole world is onefamily) and the narrower economic interpretation with the increasing theratio of foreign trade and investment in a country’s output. On a philosophical plane, India has been a votary of globalization since ages.It is reflected in hymns like ‘Aa no bhadra rutavo yantu viswatah’ (letnoble thoughts come all over the universe). Globalization however refersto a process of deepening economic integration, increasing economicopenness and growing economic interdependence between countries inthe world’s economy. This process is driven by the lure of profit and thethreat of competition in the market.HR professionals play a critical role in the globalization process by helping companies evaluate the human resource perspectivesand possibilities involved in moving to different regions of the world.The complexities of operating in different countries and of employing people of different nationalities are the main issues that differentiatedomestic and international HR management.The role of the Human Resource Management is evolving withchange in competitive market environment and the realization thatHuman Resource Management must play a more strategic role in thesuccess of an organization. Organizations that do not put their emphasison attracting and retaining talents may find themselves in direconsequences, as their competitors may be outplaying them in thestrategic employment of their human resources.With the increase in competition, locally or globally,organizations must become more adaptable, resilient, agile, andcustomer-focused to success. And within this change in environment, theHR professional has to evolve to become a strategic partner, an employeesponsor or advocate, and a change mentor within the organization. Inorder to succeed, HR must be a business driven function with a thoroughunderstanding of the organization’s big picture and be able to influencekey decisions and policies. In general, the focus of today’s HR Manager is on Strategic personnel retention and talents development. HR professionals will be coaches, counselors, mentors, and succession planners to help motivate organization’s members and their loyalty.