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A Study of Student Achievement and Effect of Parents' Education on Grade VIII Students in Mathematics

A Study of Student Achievement and Effect of Parents' Education on Grade VIII Students in Mathematics

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Published by: Indra Kumari Bajracharya on Aug 02, 2010
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Hertage of Mathematics Education Journal of Mathematics Education Student's Society of NepalSeptember 2007, Issue 1. Year 1, p
A Study of Student Achievement and Effect of Parents'Education on Grade VIII Students in MathematicsIndra Kumari Bajracharya
Various experts of educationists define the achievement indifferent ways. According to John W.H. Rothney -"Achievement isdefined as the whole sole learning in the end of course". John. E.Horrocks explained accordingly- "Achievement is used to describe thestatus or level of person's learning and his ability to apply what he haslearnt? Supper has defined the term as -achievement describe as whatand how much has been learned in a subject and what specific abilitiesor skills have been developed"
Similarly, the definitions given by someother educationists are also very important. Those statements aregiven below-Smith, Spencer and Helmirch defined the term in this way- Achievement is the task-oriented behavior that allows individualsperformance to be evaluated. Freeman - A test designed to measureknowledge, understanding and skill in a specified subject or group of subjects. The purpose of achievement in education is to measure howmuch has been learned in a subject and what specific abilities or skillshave been developed. So, the term denotes to the performance of students, which is determined at the end of a course. The score of students in the final examination can be taken as the performance orachievement score. Knowledge attained or the test score usuallydesignates skill developed during school education or marks obtainedwhich are considered as the academic achievement (Good, 1959).Achievement is something accomplished, especially by superior. A testdesigned to measure the knowledge or proficiency of an individual insomething that has been learned or taught (Webster, 1098).
Ms Bajracharya is Lecture Mahendra Ratna Campus, Tahachal Kathmandu
 Though a series of variables influence the achievement level of students in general, these variables are changeable in time and space. Therefore, the achievement itself requires analysis during certaininterval of time.One of the important variable is parent variable. Parents playimportant role in the learning behaviour of children. Many researchershave noted that the educational attainment of a child's parents is agood predictor of the academic achievement of the child. Parents whoare, for instance, educated could be better equipped to help childrenwith their homework and the understanding of concepts than thosewith less than a high school education, other things being equal.Ecceles and Jacobs (1986) identified parents exert a more powerful andmore direct effect than teachers on children's' toward mathematics.Generally, educated parents are more supportive of learning. Theyprovide their children with greater learning opportunities, assistance,and pressure for learning. Ferguson (1991) posited that parentaleducation accounted for about twenty-four percent of the variance instudents test scores. Dave and Dave (1971) investigated therelationship of parental education on cast with the academicachievement. They found that higher percentages of rank holderbelong to homes with higher parental education where as a higherpercentage of failed students belong to those who have lowerparentage of failed students belong to those who have lower parentaleducation. Bridge et.al (1979) concluded that the achievement level of a student in mathematics is directly proportional to the level of hisparents' education. Glasman and Binyamin (1981) concluded that thein mathematics is directly proportional to the level of his parents'education. In a study Dictata (1981) found that the positive relationshipbetween parents' education level and student achievement level.White (1982) reported significant correlation between parentaleducation and mathematics achievement. Anick et.al (1981) also founda clear positive relationship between parental education andmathematics achievement. Neupane (2001) concluded that parent
education contributes the ethnic students mathematics achievement inhis study mathematics achievement of grade V. Joshi (1997) identifiedparent education positively contribute students mathematicsachievement of grade X students.However no study has been conducted yet to see whetherqualification of parent influence student mathematics achievement inlower secondary level. In other words, the question qualification of parent is affected variables on student achievement remains stillunanswered yet. In this regard, this study, through small in nature,provides a picture on achievement level of lower secondary schoolstudents affected by parent qualification. Hence the main objective of this study is to assess achievement level of students by qualification of parent.
Study procedure
Since this study was based on achievement scores of grade VIIIstudents in 43 selected community and institulized schools of Kathmandu valley, schools were selected proportionately of the totalnumber of school. Out of those sample schools, fifteen schools arecommunity lower and higher secondary schools and 28 schools areinstitutional lower and higher secondary schools. From each group of schools five students were selected randomly. Altogether 215students and their parents were the sample of the study.Mathematics Achievement tests with 64 full marks, which wasprepared and finalized by a study, whose reliability is claimed 0.90 inher study was used in this study. The researcher visited the sampleschools and administered the test and distributed parent-interviewedform. Parent-interviewed form consisted of two sections. First sectionconsisted of five items, which was concerned with student relateddata such as name of the student; roll number, section, address of school and name of the parents. In the section, there was two itemsrelated to parent qualification. Scoring all the answer sheets and

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