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Written Funda Finale

Written Funda Finale

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Published by Benjamin Tan

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Published by: Benjamin Tan on Aug 02, 2010
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VIRGINIA HENDERSON
“Nursing theories mirror different realities, throughout theirdevelopment; they reflected the interests of nurses of that time.”
Introduction
“The Nightingale of Modern Nursing”
“Modern-Day Mother of Nursing.”
"The 20th century Florence Nightingale."
Born in Kansas City, Missouri, in 1897 and is the 5th child of afamily of 8th children but spent her formative years in Virginia
Received a Diploma in Nursing from the Army School of Nursingat Walter Reed Hospital, Washington, D.C. in 1921.
Worked at the Henry Street Visiting Nurse Service for 2 yearsafter graduation.
In 1923, she accepted a position teaching nursing at the NorfolkProtestant Hospital in Virginia, where she remained for severalyears
In 1929, Henderson determined that she needed more educationand entered Teachers College at Columbia University where sheearned her; Bachelor’s Degree in 1932, Master’s Degree in 1934.
Subsequently, she joined Columbia as a member of the faculty,where she remained until 1948
Since 1953, she has been a research associate at Yale UniversitySchool of Nursing.
Died: March 19, 1996.
Achievements
Is the recipient of numerous recognitions for her outstandingcontributions to nursing?
VH was a well known nursing educator and a prolific author.
She has received honorary doctoral degrees from the CatholicUniversity of America, Pace University, University of Rochester,,University of Western Ontario, Yale University
 
Her stature as a nurse, teacher, author, researcher, andconsumer health advocate warranted an obituary in the New York Times, Friday March 22. 1996. In 1985, Miss Henderson washonored at the Annual Meeting of the Nursing and Allied HealthSection of the Medical Library Association.
Contribution
In 1937 Henderson and others created a basic nursing curriculumfor the National League for Nursing in which education was“patient centered and organized around nursing problems ratherthan medical diagnoses” (Henderson,1991)
In 1939, she revised: Harmer’s classic textbook of nursing for its4th edition, and later wrote the 5th; edition, incorporating herpersonal definition of nursing (Henderson,1991)
Although she was retired, she was a frequent visitor to nursingschools well into her nineties. O’Malley (1996) states thatHenderson is known as the modern-day mother of nursing.
Her work influenced the nursing profession in America andthroughout the world The founding members of ICIRN(Interagency Council on Information Resources for Nursing) and apassionate advocate for the use and sharing of healthinformation resources.
In 1978 the fundamental concept of nursing was revisited byVirginia Henderson from Yale University School of Nursing .
She argued that nurses needed to be prepared for their role byreceiving the broadest understanding of humanity and the worldin which they lived.
Publications
1956 (with B. Harmer)-Textbook for the principles and practicesof Nursing.
1966-The Nature of Nursing. A definition and its implication forpractice, Research and Education
1991- The Nature of Nursing Reflections after 20 years
Analysis of Nursing Theory Images of Nursing, 1950-1970
 
Henderson’s Theory Background
Henderson’s concept of nursing was derived form her practiceand education therefore, her work is inductive.
She called her definition of nursing her “concept” Although hermajor clinical experiences were in medical-surgical hospitals.
 This experience enlarges Henderson’s view to recognize theimportance of increasing the patient’s independence so thatprogress after hospitalization would not be delayed
Virginia Henderson defined nursing as "assisting individuals togain independence in relation to the performance of activitiescontributing to health or its recovery"
She was one of the first nurses to point out that nursing does notconsist of merely following physician's orders.
She categorized nursing activities into 14 components, based onhuman needs. She described the nurse's role as substitutive(doing for the person), supplementary (helping the person),complementary (working with the person), with the goal of helping the person become as independent as possible.
Her famous definition of nursing was one of the first statementsclearly delineating nursing from medicine:"The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sickor well, in the performance of those activities contributing tohealth or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he wouldperform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will orknowledge. And to do this in such a way as to help him gainindependence as rapidly as possible" (Henderson, 1966).
The development of Henderson’s definition of nursing

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