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Table Of Contents

1.0 INTRODUCTION
2.0 BUREAUCRACY BEFORE OCTOBER
2.1 ORIGINAL MEANINGS OF BUREAUCRACY
2.2 BUREAUCRACY IN RUSSIA
2.4 THE CLASS STATE AND POLITICAL ALIENATION
2.5 ENGELS ON THE ORIGINS OF THE STATE
2.6 BONAPARTISM
2.8 AFTER MARX AND ENGELS
2.9 THE STATE AND REVOLUTION
2.10 CONCLUSION
3.0 REVOLUTION AND THE PROBLEMS OF BUREAUCRACY
3.1 THE DREAM DEFERRED
3.2 THE OPPOSITIONS AND BUREAUCRACY
3.3 LENIN ON BUREAUCRACY
3.4 TROTSKY AND BUREAUCRATIC INEFFICIENCY
3.5 TROTSKY AND GLAVKOKRATIIA
3.6 TROTSKY AND BUREAUCRACY, LATE 1921-1922
3.7 CONCLUSION
4.0 FROM INEFFICIENCY TO POLITICAL ALIENATION
4.1 CONFLICTS WITHIN THE PARTY LEADERSHIP
4.2 INEFFICIENCY AND POLITICAL ALIENATION
4.3 THE NEW COURSE CONTROVERSY
4.4 TROTSKY AND THE NEW COURSE
4.6 THEORETICAL RETREAT
4.7 CONCLUSION
5.0 A COHERENT THEORY OF BUREAUCRACY
5.1 THE FORMATION OF THE UNITED OPPOSITION
5.2 THE STRUGGLE OF THE UNITED OPPOSITION
5.3 TROTSKY AND THE OPPOSITION ON BUREAUCRATISM
5.3.1 The Conception of Bureaucracy
5.3.2 Causes of Bureaucratism
5.3.3 The Prospect of Thermidor
5.4 ON THE EVE OF THERMIDOR
5.5 CONCLUSION
6.0 LEFT TURN AND THEORETICAL CRISIS
6.1 THE BEGINNING OF THE LEFT TURN
6.2 EXPLAINING THE TURN
6.3 THE STALINIST OFFENSIVE
6.4 EXPLAINING THE STALINIST OFFENSIVE
6.5 DEFEATING THE RIGHT AND DEEPENING THE TURN
6.6 EXPLAINING THE NEW TURN
6.7 REVISING THE THEORY
6.7.1 Conception
6.7.2 Causes
6.7.3 Characteristics
6.7.4 Consequences
6.7.5 Cure
6.8 CONCLUSION
7.0 THE TURN AND THE THEORETICAL CRISIS DEEPEN
7.1 ECONOMIC UPHEAVAL
7.1.1 The Soviet Industrial Revolution
7.1.2 Mass Collectivization and Dekulakization
7.2 TROTSKY’S RESPONSE TO THE TURN
7.2.1 Trotsky’s Critique of the Left Turn
7.2.2 Analyzing the Turn
7.3 THE LEFT COURSE IN THE COMINTERN
7.4 TROTSKY AND THE COMINTERN’S NEW STRATEGY
7.4.1 Criticizing Comintern Policy from the Right
7.4.2 Trotsky’s Analysis of the Third Period Strategy
7.5 DEVELOPMENTS IN THE PARTY REGIME
7.6 TROTSKY AND THE REGIME
7.6.1 Trotsky’s Critique of Developments in the Party Regime
7.6.2 Trotsky’s Analysis of Developments in the Regime
7.7 MODIFYING THE THEORY
7.7.1 Trotsky’s Conception of Bureaucracy
7.7.2 Causes of Bureaucratic Power
7.7.3 Characteristics
7.7.4 Consequences
7.7.5 Cure
7.8 CONCLUSION
8.0 THEORETICAL REVOLUTION
8.1 BREAKING WITH THE PAST
8.1.1 Breaking with the KPD
8.1.2 Breaking with the Comintern and the AUCP
8.2 REVISING THE THEORY
8.3 NEW POLICY SHIFTS
8.3.1 Economic Retreat and Recovery
8.3.2 The New Turn in France
8.3.3 Shifts in Foreign Policy
8.4 THE KIROV ASSASSINATION
8.5 REVISING BONAPARTISM AND THERMIDOR
8.6 DEEPER SHIFTS, REPRESSION, AND A CONSTITUTION
8.6.1 New Initiatives in Economic Policy
8.6.2 Further Shifts in International Policy
8.6.3 Repression, Party Purges, and a New Constitution
8.7 “SMALL OR LARGE INTELLECTUAL CATASTROPHES”
9.1 THE CONTEXT AND CONCEPTION OF THE PROBLEM
9.2 CAUSES OF THE PROBLEM
9.3 CHARACTERISTICS: SIZE, PRIVILEGES, CONSCIOUSNESS
9.4 CHARACTERISTICS: POLICIES
9.4.1 Economic Policy
9.4.2 Social Policy
9.4.3 Military and International Policy
9.4.4 Regime
9.5 CONSEQUENCES
9.6 CURE
9.7 LATER DEVELOPMENTS
10.0 CONCLUSION
BIBLIOGRAPHY
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Trotsky and the Problem of Soviet Bureaucracy

Trotsky and the Problem of Soviet Bureaucracy

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Published by Sean
In 1917 the Bolsheviks anticipated, on the basis of the Marxist classics, that the proletarian revolution would put an end to bureaucracy. However, soon after the revolution many within the Bolshevik Party, including Trotsky, were denouncing Soviet bureaucracy as a persistent problem. In fact, for Trotsky the problem of Soviet bureaucracy became the central political and theoretical issue that preoccupied him for the remainder of his life. This study examines the development of Leon Trotsky’s views on that subject from the first years after the Russian Revolution through the completion of his work The Revolution Betrayed in 1936. In his various writings over these years Trotsky expressed three main understandings of the nature of the problem: During the civil war and the first years of NEP he denounced inefficiency in the distribution of supplies to the Red Army and resources throughout the economy as a whole.
In 1917 the Bolsheviks anticipated, on the basis of the Marxist classics, that the proletarian revolution would put an end to bureaucracy. However, soon after the revolution many within the Bolshevik Party, including Trotsky, were denouncing Soviet bureaucracy as a persistent problem. In fact, for Trotsky the problem of Soviet bureaucracy became the central political and theoretical issue that preoccupied him for the remainder of his life. This study examines the development of Leon Trotsky’s views on that subject from the first years after the Russian Revolution through the completion of his work The Revolution Betrayed in 1936. In his various writings over these years Trotsky expressed three main understandings of the nature of the problem: During the civil war and the first years of NEP he denounced inefficiency in the distribution of supplies to the Red Army and resources throughout the economy as a whole.

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Published by: Sean on Aug 02, 2010
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04/16/2013

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