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Table Of Contents

1.2The Discovery of Fluoropolymers
1.3What are Fluoropolymers?
1.3.1Perfluorinated Polymers
1.3.1.1 Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
1.4 Comparison of Fluoropolymer Properties
REFERENCES
2.2.1Synthesis of Tetrafluoroethylene
2.2.2Synthesis of Hexafluoropropylene
2.4.1 Dispersion Concentration
2.4.2Commercial Dispersions and Properties
2.4.3Fine Powder Production
2.4.4PTFE Micropowder Production
2.4.4.1Production of Fluoroadditives by Electron Beam Irradiation
2.4.4.2Grinding Irradiated PTFE
2.4.4.3Regulatory Compliance
2.4.4.4 Commercial Micropowder Products
2.4.5Dispersion Coagulation
2.4.6Spray Drying
2.4.7Spray Sintering
3.2Components of Paint
3.3Important Properties of Liquid Coatings
3.3.1 Rheology/Viscosity
3.3.2Weight Solids, Volume Solids
4.3 Non-Fluoropolymer Binders
4.3.1 Polyamide/Imide (PAI)
4.3.2 Polyethersulfone (PES)
4.3.3 Polyphenylenesulfide (PPS)
4.3.4 Polyimide (PI)
4.3.5Polyether Ether Ketone (PEEK)
4.3.6Polyetherimide (PEI)
4.3.7Other Less Common Binders
4.3.7.1 Acid
4.3.7.2 Acrylic
4.3.7.3 Phenolic
4.3.7.4 Epoxy
4.3.7.5 Polyurethane
4.3.7.6 Alkyd
4.3.7.7 Electroless Nickel Plating
4.4Effect of Temperature on Properties of Binders
4.5Comparison of Properties of Non-Fluoropolymer Binders
5.2Dispersion of Pigments
1.Ball or pebble milling
5.2.1Ball or Pebble Milling
5.2.2Shear Process Dispersion
5.2.2.1Media Mills
5.2.2.2 High-Speed Disperser
5.2.2.3 Rotor-Stator
5.3Measuring Dispersion Quality or Fineness
5.4Dispersion Stabilization
5.5Pigment or Particle Settling
5.6Hard and Soft Settling
5.7Functions of Pigments
5.7.1Appearance, Color, Hiding
5.7.1.1 Gloss
5.7.1.2 Hiding
5.7.1.3Types of Pigments
5.7.2Permeability, Barrier Properties
5.7.3Abrasion Resistance, Reinforcement: Physical Property Improvement
5.7.4Electrically Conductive Fillers
5.8 Quantifying Pigment Concentrations in Formulations
5.8.1 P/B: PVC
5.9 Commercial Pigment Dispersions
6.2Solids-Viscosity Relationships
6.3Viscosity as a Function of Temperature
6.4 Evaporation
6.5Solvent Composition and Evaporation Time
6.6Solubility
6.7Surface Tension and Wetting
6.8 N-Methyl-2-Pyrolidone (NMP)
6.9 Conductivity
6.10 Flash Point and Autoignition
6.11 Summary
7.2Abrasion Resistance Improvers, Antislip Aids
7.3Acid Catalysts
7.4Acid Scavengers
7.5Adhesion Promoters, Coupling Agents
7.6 Algaecides, Biocides, Fungicides
7.7 Anti-Cratering Agent, Fisheye Preventer
7.8Anti-Crawling Agent
7.9Anti-Foaming Agent, Defoamer
7.10Anti-Fouling Agent
7.13Anti-Settling Agent
7.14 Antistatic Agent, Electroconductive Additives
7.15 Coalescents, Coalescing Agent, Film Forming Agent
7.16 Deaerators
7.17 Degassing Agent
7.18Dispersant, Dispersing Agent, or Surfactant
7.19Flattening Agents
7.21Lubricants
7.22Moisture Scavenger
7.23 pH Control Agent
7.24 Summary
8.2Substrates
8.3Substrate Preparation
8.3.1Cleaning
8.3.2Increasing Surface Area
8.3.2.1 Mechanical Roughening
8.3.2.2Other Methods of Roughening and Cleaning
8.3.3Preventing Rust after Surface Preparation
8.3.4 Platings
8.3.5 Anodization
8.4Substrate Characterization
8.5 Summary
9.2Selecting Ingredients
9.2.1Selection of Fluoropolymer
9.2.2Selection of Binder
9.3Recipes and Formulas
9.4Formulating Water-Based Coatings
9.4.1Fluoropolymer Coatings from Raw Dispersion
9.4.2Fluoropolymer Coatings by Dispersion of Powders
9.10.6 Mitsui-DuPont Fluorocarbon Liquid Products
10.1Introduction
10.2Liquid Spray Coating Application Technologies and Techniques
10.2.1Conventional Spray Coating
10.2.2High-Volume, Low-Pressure Spray Application
10.2.3Electrostatic Spray Application
10.3Liquid Bulk or Direct Coating Application Techniques
10.3.1Dip Coating
10.3.2Dip-Spin Coating
10.3.3Spin-Flow Coating
10.3.4Curtain Coating
10.3.6Roller Coating
10.3.7Pad Printing
10.4 Summary
11.1What is Powder Coating?
11.2Spray Powder Coating Process
11.2.1Corona Charging
11.2.2 Tribocharging
11.2.3Powder Coating Advantages and Limitations
11.3.1Hot Flocking
11.3Thick Film Coatings
11.3.2Special Problems with High- Build Coatings
11.3.2.1 Decomposition
11.3.2.2 Sagging
11.3.2.3 Shrinkage
11.4Bulk Application: Fluidized Bed Coating
11.5Commercial Powder Coating Products
11.5.1Preparation of Powder Coating
12.1Introduction
12.2Baking and Curing, Physics or Chemistry
12.3 Monitoring Bake
12.3.1 Thermocouples
12.3.2 Non-Contact Temperature Measurement
12.4Types of Ovens
12.4.1Convection Heating
12.4.2Infrared Baking (IR)
12.4.3 Induction Baking
13.1Introduction
13.2Viscosity Measurement
13.2.1Cup Viscosity
13.6 Adhesion
13.6.1Measuring Adhesion, Adhesion Tests
13.6.1.1Post-Boiling Cross-Hatch Tape Adhesion Test
13.6.1.2Post-Boiling Nail Adhesion Test
13.6.1.3Instron Peel Test
13.7 Environmental Exposure Testing
13.7.1 Salt Spray
13.7.2Kesternich DIN 50018
13.7.3Atlas Cell
13.8 Coefficient of Friction (CoF)
13.9 Abrasion/Erosion
13.9.1 Taber
13.9.2Falling Abrasive Test
13.9.3Thrust Washer Abrasion Testing
13.10 Hardness
13.10.1 Pencil Hardness
13.11 Cure
13.12 Cookware Testing
13.12.1In-Home Testing
13.12.2Accelerated Cooking Test
13.12.3Mechanical Tiger Paw (MTP)
13.12.5Accelerated In-Home Abuse Test (AIHAT)
13.12.6 Blister Test
13.12.7 Salt Corrosion Test
13.13 Summary
14.1Introduction
14.2Surface Tension and Shear
14.3Common Coating Defects
14.3.1Air Entrapment
14.3.2Decomposition Bubbles or Foam
14.3.3Blisters
14.3.4Pinholing, Popping, or Solvent Popping
14.3.5Mud Cracking, Stress Cracking, and Benard Cells
14.3.6Cratering
14.3.7Fisheyes
14.3.8Crawling and Dewetting
14.3.9Wrinkling
14.4 Summary
15.1Introduction
15.2A Historical Chronology of Fluoropolymer Finishes Technology
15.3Food Contact
15.4Commercial Applications of Fluorocoatings
15.4.1Housewares: Cookware, Bakeware, Small Electrical Appliances (SEA)
15.4.2Commercial or Industrial Bakeware
15.4.3Fuser Rolls
15.4.4Light Bulbs
15.4.5Automotive
15.4.6Chemical Processing Industry (CPI)
15.4.6.1 Chemical Reactors
15.4.6.2Ducts for Corrosive Fumes, Fire Resistance
15.4.7Commercial Dryer Drums
15.4.8Industrial Rollers
15.4.9Medical Devices
16.1Introduction
16.2Toxicology of Fluoropolymers
16.3Safe Handling and Application of Liquid Fluoropolymer Coatings
16.4Thermal Properties of Fluoropolymers
16.4.1Off-Gases During Baking and Curing
16.4.2Polymer Fume Fever
16.5Removal of Fluoropolymer Films and Coatings
16.6 Fire Hazard
16.7 Spillage Cleanup
16.8 Personal Protective Equipment
16.9Personal Hygiene
16.10Food Contact and Medical Applications
16.11Fluoropolymer Scrap and Recycling
16.12 Environmental Protection and Disposal Methods
I.1PDL Chemical Resistance Guidelines
I.2PDL Resistance Rating
Table I.1 PDL Chemical Resistance Ratings
I.3 Chemical Resistance Tables
Table I.2 Chemical Resistance of Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
Table I.6 Chemical Resistance of Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE)
Table I.7 Chemical Resistance of Perfluoroalkoxy Copolymer (PFA)
Table I.8 Chemical Resistance of Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF)
REFERENCE
II.1Permeability of Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
II.2Permeability of Ethylene Chlorotrifluoroethylene Copolymer (ECTFE)
II.3Permeability of Ethylene Tetrafluoroethylene Copolymer (ETFE)
II.4Permeation of Fluorinated Ethylene Propylene Copolymer (FEP)
II.5 Permeability of Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE)
II.6Permeability of Perfluoroalkoxy Copolymer (PFA)
II.7Permeability of Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF)
II.8Permeability of Polyvinyl Fluoride (PVF)
IREFERENCES
III.1Introduction
III.2IVA Test Method
III.3Fuel Types
IV.1Introduction
Trade Names
Glossary
Index
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ed Coatings and Finishes Handbook the Definitive User s Guide 0815515227 2005033634

ed Coatings and Finishes Handbook the Definitive User s Guide 0815515227 2005033634

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Published by: kinamano on Aug 02, 2010
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