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Radioactivity

Radioactivity

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Published by Tsetsa

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Published by: Tsetsa on Aug 02, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/19/2015

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1896-
Discovery
of atural radioactivity
Antoine-Henri
Becquerel
(
1852 –1908)
α 
 ,
 β
 ,
γ 
radioactivity in magnetic and electric field 
Radioactivity
Radioactivity is the spontaneous emission
of ionizing radiation as aconsequence of a nuclear reaction, or directly from the breakdown of anunstable nucleus.
 
 Electron was discovered by
Joseph John
Thomson
1897.
α 
 decay
4422
 AA Z
 XYHe
+
(1856 –1940)
(1871–1937)
 Alpha particle was discovered by
Ernest
Rutherford
1899.
238234492902
UThHe
+
42
 He
Carl David Anderson
discovery of the positron in 1932. Nobel Prize in 1936(1905 –1991)
 eutron was discovered by
James Chadwick 
1932. Nobel Prize in 1935
(
1891-1974)
 
 β
-
decay
011
 AA Z
 XYe
ν 
+
+ +
011
 AA Z
Ye
ν 
+
+ +
e
137137055561
CsBae
ν 
+ +
 β
+
decay e
+
(positron)
Energy+Energy +
110101
 pne
ν 
+
+ +
2222011101
 aee
ν 
+
+ +
Energy +
γ 
 decay
*
 X
γ  
+
238*2389292
U
γ  
+
110011
npe
ν 
+ +

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