Worm Composting: Vermiculture
•1st through 8th
Sample TEKS for 1st grade:Science:
•1.1•1.2A - E•1.3A, B
Students will be able to compost in a limited space and describe the decomposing process.
To convert unwanted, organic matter, particularly food scraps and paper into fertile soil.
•Containers (you can use wooden boxes, plastic bins such as a 2 feet by 3 feet by 1 inchRubbermaid tub with lid and drainage tray), or holes in the ground•A 1-foot by 2-foot by 3-foot box or four 10-gallon containers are big enough to compostthe food scraps for a medium-sized family. Punch 1/8-inch holes in the sides forventilation.•Tight-fitting lids help keep pests out of outdoor wooden boxes, but don't use a lid with aplastic container unless the container is well ventilated.)•paper soaked in water (Worms will consume newspapers, cardboard, paper towels, andother coarse papers faster than fine printing and writing papers.)•red worms (
pound) (Brown-nose worms or redworms work best in containers; don't usenight crawlers or other large, soil-burrowing worms. Composting worms are availablefrom various stores and catalogs that sell garden or fishing supplies.)•food scraps (Almost any fruit, grain, or vegetable material other than oil is good forworm composting. Suggestions are watermelon, banana peels, tortilla chips, tomato, andbread crumbs. Materials to avoid: Cat and dog droppings can spread disease. Meat andother animal products, fish, and oil can produce odors and attract pests. Some colored