Unix is the first Operating system in the world, developed by Kem Thompson and Dennis Ritchie in 1969 atBell Lab by AT&T CompanyIBM : AIXSGI : IRIXHP : HPSun : SolarisFSF:Free software foundation organization, they start a project by name GNU. The mail aim of thisproject is to develop such a O.S that can run on any platform.In 1991, a student Linus Torvalds developed a kernel named Linus’s Kernel plus GNU application calledLinux O.SLinux is a open source technology.Different companies that provide Linux in Market are Redhat, SuSe, Mandrake, Turbo, Knoppix etc.
Features and Advantage:
Linux is the fastest Operating system in the world. It runs 2 to 3 times fast than windows O.Sb.
Linux is the very secured O.S because there is no any problem of virus.c.
Linux file format is text format and windows file format is binary format.d.
Linux is very reliable O.S because kernel of linux is very stable as compare to windows kernel notcrashed easily.e.
Kernel of linux is very small, it can be stored in floppyf.
Linux uses the x-Window system which is advanced network windowing system. Using this systemwe can display output of any workstation monitor attached in the network
Advantages of Linux:
Multiuser, multi desktop and multi tasking
Mode of Login
There are two mode of login1.
Text Mode (Alt+ctrl+F1)2.
Graphical Mode (Alt+Ctrl+F7)In case of Text ModeStation2 Login : rootPassword : redhat[root@station2~]#to switch from one text mode to anotherAlt+Ctrl+F1 to Alt+Ctrl+F6In case of Graphical ModeCtrl+Alt+F7
Some of the Common system command are as follow:1. Date : to display date and time2. Cal : to display the calendar3. Cal 11 2006 : display the calendar of Month 11 and year 20064. Clear : To clear the screen