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Gangs Full Report 2

Gangs Full Report 2

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Published by: MariaPellum on Aug 03, 2010
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A Justice Policy Institute ReportJuly 2007By Judith Greene and Kevin Pranis
Gang Wars
The Failure o Enorcement Tactics and the Need or Eective Public Saety Strategies 
 
2GangWars:TheFailureofEnforcementTacticsandtheNeedforEffectivePublicSafetyStrategies
 
The Justice Policy Institute is a public policyinstitute dedicated to ending society’s relianceon incarceration and promoting effectivesolutions to social problems.
 
Contents
3 Executive Summary9 Proogue: A Gang, by Any Oter Name…
10 “Street gangs” versus whatever11 A typology of youth violence
13 PART I: Gangs and Antigang Interventions inTree American Cities15 ChAPTER 1: Gangs in New Yor City21 ChAPTER 2: Gangs in Cicago25 ChAPTER 3: Gangs in los Angees31 PART II: Wat Researc Tes Us33 ChAPTER 4: Down or te Count: Exporing teSize and Maeup o te Gang Popuation
33 Data on the prevalency of gang problems and gangmembership33 The National Youth Gang Survey35 Youth surveys36 Squaring the data: Law enforcement versus youth surveys38 Do youth surveys mix “bad apples” with orangeswho only pretend to be bad?39 Do rural, female, and white gang members quit gangsbefore their urban, male, and nonwhite peers?40 The white gang undercount41 The nonwhite gang overcount43 Do law enforcement agencies find the type ofgang members they look for?
45 ChAPTER 5: Bood In, Bood Out? Wy YoutJoin Gangs and how Tey leave
45 Joining45 Prevalence of gang membership45 Risk factors46 Leaving47 Why youth quit gangs48 How youth quit gangs49 Consequences of gang membership
51 ChAPTER 6: Pubic Enemy #1? Gang CrimeMyts and Reaities
51 What is a gang crime?53 Measuring gang crime and delinquency53 How much crime and delinquency do gangs and gangmembers generate?53 Juvenile delinquency55 Crime56 Homicide58 Violence59 Drug distribution61 Perception and reality62 North Carolina: More gangs, less crime
67
 
ChAPTER 7: Getting less or More:Te Faied legacy o Gang Enorcement
69 Institutional responses: The rise of police gang units69 Why law enforcement agencies form gang units70 What gang units do71 Neighborhood gang suppression72 The Anti-Gang Initiative: St. Louis, Dallas, and Detroit77 Gang injunctions78 Targeting “hard-core” gang members79 Gang task forces in San Diego and Westminster,California82 Gang prosecution units in Las Vegas and Reno, Nevada83 Gang sentencing enhancements in California and Nevada84 “Balanced” approaches to gang enforcement84 The Ceasefire model: “Pulling levers” and“retailing deterrence”93 The Comprehensive Gang Program Model
95 ChAPTER 8: Rea Soutions to Yout Vioence:Evidence-Based Practices99 About te Autors99 Acnowedgments101 Reerences

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