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Top Ten List

Top Ten List

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Published by ben boubaker
N°1 : Mohammad Rasoulo allah
N°1 : Mohammad Rasoulo allah

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Published by: ben boubaker on Aug 03, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History By Michael H. Hart 
Number Person Time Frame Occupation Reason(s) for Being Placed on the List
1 Muhammad 570-632 Secular and religious leader Prophet; Founder of Islam;the messager of god2 Isaac Newton1642-1727ScientistMany scientific and mathematicalinventions/theories3 Jesus Christ c. 6BC-c. 30 Prophet; Spiritual leader Founder of Christianity4 Buddha 563BC-483BC Spiritual leader Founder of Buddhism5 Confucius 551BC-479BC Philosopher; Teacher Created Confucianism6 St. Paul c. 4-c. 64 Christian apostle His writings in the New Testament of the Bible7 Ts’ai Lun c. 105Political official in imperialChinaInvented paper 8 Johann Gutenberg1400-1468InventorInventor of printing (printing press)9 Christopher Columbus1451-1506ExploreDiscovery of the Americas led to world-wideexploration10 Albert Einstein 1879-1955 Scientist Theory of relativity11 Louis Pasteur 1822-1895 Chemist and biologist Germ theory and preventive inoculation12 Galileo Galilei1564-1642ScientistDeveloped the scientific method; Invented thetelescope13 Aristotle 384BC-322BC Philosopher and scientistWrote over 170 books on astronomy, zoology,geography, etc; Originated the study of formallogic14 Euclid c. 300 BC Teacher Wrote
, greatest textbook on geometry15 Moses13
c. BC ProphetPolitical figure who led the Hebrews in theExodus from Egypt; Wrote five books of theBible (the Jewish
); Encouraged the belief of monotheism (belief in one god)16 Charles Darwin1809-1882BiologistsOriginated the theory of organic evolution bymeans of natural selection17 Shih Huang Ti 259BC-210BC Chinese Emperor United China by force of arms and instituted aset of sweeping reforms18 Augustus Caesar 63BC-14 Political leader Founder of the Roman Empire19 Nicolaus Copernicus 1473-1543 Lawyer; Astronomer Copernican Theory (First to assert the Earthrevolves around the sun)20 Antoine Laurent Lavoisier 1743-1794 Scientist Organized the system of chemical theory
Name Person TimeFrame Occupation Reason(s) for Being Placed on the List
21 Constantine the Great c. 280-337 Political leader First Christian emperor of the Roman Empire22 James Watt1736-1819InventoInventor of the first practical steam engineand key figure in the Industrial Revolution23 Michael Farday1791-1867InventoInvented the first electric motor; Discoveredelectromagnetic induction24 James Clerk Maxwell 1831-1879 PhysicistDeveloped a set of four equations that bestexpress the basic laws of electricity andmagnetism25 Martin Luther 1483-1546 Teacher and author Chiefly responsible for the beginning of theReformation period; The start of Protestantism26 George Washington 1732-1799 Political leader Military leader and first president of theUnited States27 Karl Marx1818-1883PhilosophePrincipal originator of “scientific socialism”;His writings form the theoretical basis of Communism28Orville Wright & Wilbur Wright1871-19481867-1912Inventors Invented the first airplane29 Genghis Khan c. 1162-1227 Emperor Ruthless leader who eventually ruled thelargest empire in all of history30 Adam Smith1723-1790PhilosopheWrote
The Wealth of Nations
; Leading figurein the development of economic theory31Edward de Vere (WilliamShakespeare)1550-1604 Playwright and poetWrote at least 36 plays (including
 King Lear 
 Julius Caesar 
, and
), 154 sonnets, and a few longer  poems32 John Dalton1766-1844ScientistIntroduced the atomic hypothesis into themainstream of science33 Alexander the Great 356BC-323BCPolitical leader andconqueror Conquered and controlled vast amounts of land; Brought together Greek and MiddleEastern civilizations which resulted incultural diffusion34 Napoleon Bonaparte 1769-1821 General and Emperor Great military leader; Authorized the sale of land to the USA (known as the LouisianaPurchase)2
Number Person Time Frame Occupation Reason(s) for Being Placed on the List
35 Thomas Edison1847-1931InventoDeveloped over 1,000 inventions includingthe phonograph and the practicalincandescent light bulb36 Antony van Leeuwenhoek 1632-1723 Government worker Discovered microbes37 William T. G. Mortin 1819-1868 Dentist Introduced the use of anesthesia in surgery38 Guglielmo Marconi 1874-1937 Inventor Invented the radio39 Adolf Hitler 1889-1945 Political leader Leader of the Nazi party; Leader of Germanyduring WWII; Masterminded the Holocaust40 Plato427BC-347BCPhilosopheWrote over 36 books (including the
); Considered one of the greatfathers of Western thought41 Oliver Cromwell 1599-1658 Military leader Man most responsible for eventualestablishment of parliamentary democracy asthe English form of government42 Alexander Graham Bell 1847-1922 Inventor Invented the telephone43 Alexander Fleming 1881-1955 Physician Discovered penicillin44 John Locke1632-1704PhilosopheFirst writer to put together a coherent form of the basic ideas of constitutional democracy45 Ludwig Van Beethoven 1770-1827 Composer Wrote nine symphonies, 32 piano sonatas,five piano concertos, ten sonatas for the pianoand violin, a series of magnificent stringquartets, vocal music, theater music, andmuch more46 Werner Heisenberg1901-1976PhysicistPlayed a significant role in the creation of quantum mechanics47 Louis Daguerre1787-1851InventoDeveloped the first practical method of  photography48 Simon Bolivar 1783-1830 Political leader Given the title,
The Liberator 
; He led theliberation of five S. American countries fromSpanish rule49 Rene Descartes1596-1650Philosopher, scientist, andmathematicianInvented analytic geometry3

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