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The Wood Frog

The Wood Frog

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A essay on the well knowned wood frog.
A essay on the well knowned wood frog.

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Published by: James Remington Orozco Newton on Aug 03, 2010
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08/03/2010

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The Wood Frog – A BiologicalBreakthrough
By James Remington Orozco Newton
Introduction
 
Many people have seen science fiction movies, about people being frozenin a block ice and then being thawed out in the future. But could this trulyhappen? Could we really freeze are selves in a block of ice and awake athousand years later? Scientists have been puzzled with this question for years. Until recently, a new species of frog has been discovered that mayyield the answer. The name of this new species is the wood frog or (
 Rana sylvatica
).Freeze tolerance allows the wood frog to live in cold climates as far northas the Arctic Circle. But can be also found as far south as Georgia. The problem is that, if a wood frogs body temperature dropped below 20°Fahrenheit, the wood frog wouldn’t be able to survive. But luckily for the
 
frog, snow pack and other natural insulators found in the wild can keep itwarm during its winter hibernation. The key to the survival of the wood frogis a natural antifreeze known as Glucose, which stops the frogs’ cells fromexcessive dehydration during the process.In the process two-thirds of the wood frogs body water freezes and therest remains liquid. The water that remains is mostly inside cells, as to keepthe cells hydrated well the process is in work. Next glucose is produced bythe liver, which causes the freezing point of the amphibians’ tissues tolower. This is in the same nature as ammonia lowering a cars’ windshieldwiper fluid, which contains mostly just water. The newly secreted glucosethen limits ice formation in the frogs’ body and binds water molecules insidethe frogs many cells. This slows down damage caused by cell shrinkage,which is very common with freezing. “Normally under those freezingconditions, without glucose, the cells would dehydrate completely” statesBoris Rubinsky, who’s an engineer at the University of California atBerkeley.
Physical Features
 
The length of an adult wood frog ranges from 51 millimeters (2.0 in) to70 millimeters (2.8 in), females being larger than males. The color of adultwood frogs ranges from either being brown, tan, or rust colored and usuallythey have a dark eye mask. Individual wood frogs are capable of varyingtheir color. The undersides of wood frogs are pale with either a yellow or green cast. There isn’t any similar species in North America to the woodfrog, so if you see a small brown frog with a dark mask in the woods, thanit’s a wood frog.
Feeding
Adult wood frogs eat a variety of small invertebrates off the forest-floor.While the omnivorous tadpoles feed on algae, plant detritus, as well aseating the eggs and larvae of other amphibians. Including their own species.The wood frog’s feeding pattern is triggered by prey movement andconsists of a body lunge that terminates with the frog’s mouth open and anextension of the tongue onto the prey. This is similar to most other ranids.The tongue is attached to the floor of the mouth and is flat when the frogs’mouth is closed. This helps one to understand that in the feeding strike, thetongue is swung forward as though it is on a hinge. This makes sure that,

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