After some one hundred years of using liquid petroleum fuels, we are now finding that there are unforeseen sideeffects, the foremost perhaps being the so-called Enhanced Greenhouse Effect.
In Australia, transport use contributes some 16% of Australia¶s greenhouse gas emissions. Of this, diesel fuel contributedabout 17% or 11,705,000 tonnes of CO
equivalent. An additional 1,622,000 tonnes is released from diesel fuel used for electricity generation.  On top of greenhouse gas emissions is the vexing question of how little ± or much ± is left.
However oils of vegetable and animal origin, unlike fossil fuels, have to potential to be produced not only on a sustainable basis but also could be greenhouse gas neutral, or at the very least, emit substantially less greenhouse gases per unitenergy than do any of the fossil fuels.
roperties of Triglycerides as Fuels
A large amount of research has gone into examining Diesel¶s dream of using raw vegetable oils as fuels and when onespeaks of growing crops for liquid fuels it is often assumed that the oil will be used after only basic extraction andfiltering. [3,4,5]Work has been conducted to examine these oils as fuel replacements or additives. For example in the late 1970¶s and early1980¶s, research was undertaken at Murdoch University (Perth, Australia) into the use of eucalyptus and other plant oilsas a fuel component.  In New Zealand, there are considerable problems with the disposal of surplus tallow from the processed meat industry and a large amount of work was conducted in the early 1980¶s on the use of tallow as a fuel. 
Experience has shown that the use of unsaturated triglyceride oils as a fuel may cause significant problems thatcan affect the viability of their fuel use.  But this is not always the case and in many circumstances these problems can either be dealt with or are acceptable to the user.
While power output and tailpipe emissions using plant or animal oils are in most cases comparable with those whenrunning on petroleum diesel fuel, the main problem encountered has due to the higher viscosity of the triglyceride oils andtheir chemical instability. These can cause difficult starting in cold conditions, the gumming up of injectors and thecoking-up of valves and exhaust. 
The viscosity of plant and animal fats and oils varies from hard crystalline solids to light oils at room temperature. In mostcases, these µoils¶ or µfats¶ are actually a complex mixture of various fatty acids triglycerides, often with the variouscomponents having widely varying melting points. This may give the oil or fat a temperature range over whichsolidification occurs, with the oil gradually thickening from a thin liquid, through to a thick liquid, then a semi-solid andfinally to a solid.
High melting points or solidification ranges can cause problems in fuel systems such as partial or complete blockage asthe triglyceride thickens and finally solidifies when the ambient temperature falls.  While this also occurs with petroleum based diesel, particularly as the temperature falls below about ~ -10 to -5
C for µsummer¶ formulations and ~ -20 to -10
C for µwinter¶ diesels, it is relatively easy to control during the refining process and is generally not a major problem.
Many vegetable oils and some animal oils are µdrying¶ or µsemi-drying¶ and it is this which makes many oils such aslinseed, tung and some fish oils suitable as the base of paints and other coatings. But it is also this property that further restricts their use as fuels.Drying results from the double bonds (and sometimes triple bonds) in the unsaturated oil molecules being broken byatmospheric oxygen and being converted to peroxides. Cross-linking at this site can then occur and the oil irreversibly polymerises into a plastic-like solid.