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Table Of Contents

2.1.3 Igneous Rocks
2.1.4 Sedimentary Rocks
2.1.5 Metamorphic Rocks
2.2 Rock Discontinuities
2.2.1 Joints
2.2.2 Faults
2.2.3 Folds
2.2.4 Bedding Planes
2.3 Rock Material and Rock Masses
2.3.1 Engineering Scale and Rock
2.3.2 Composition of Rock Mass
2.3.3 Role of Joints in Rock Mass Behaviour
2.4 Inhomogeneity and Anisotropy
2.4.1 Inhomogeneity of Rock Materials
2.4.2 Inhomogeneity of Rock Masses
2.4.3 Anisotropy
PROPERTIES OF ROCK MATERIALS
3.1 Physical Properties of Rock Material
3.1.2 Hardness
3.1.3 Abrasivity
3.1.4 Permeability
3.1.5 Wave Velocity
3.2 Mechanical Properties of Rock Material
3.2.1 Compressive Strength
3.2.2 Young's Modulus and Poisson’s Ratio
3.2.3 Stress-Strain at and after Peak
3.2.4 Tensile Strength
3.2.5 Shear Strength
3.3 Effects of Confining and Pore Water Pressures on Strength and Deformation
3.3.1 Effects of Confining Pressure
3.3.2 Effects of Pore Water Pressure
3.4 Other Engineering Properties of Rock Materials
3.4.1 Point Load Strength Index
4.5 Relationships between Physical and Mechanical Properties
3.5.2 Effect of Water Content on Strength
3.5.3 Velocity and Modulus
3.5.4 Compressive Strength and Modulus
3.6 Failure Criteria of Rock Materials
3.6.1 Mohr-Coulomb criterion
3.6.2 Griffith strength criterion
3.6.3 Hoek-Brown criterion
3.7 Effects of Rock Microstructures on Mechanical Properties
3.7.1 Strength of rock material with Anisotropy
3.8 Time Dependent Characteristics of Rock Materials
3.8.1 Rheologic Properties of Rock Materials
3.8.2 Effect of Loading Rate on Rock Strength
3.8.3 Failure Mechanism of Rock Material under Impact and Shock Loading
3.9 Laboratory Testing of Rock Materials
3.9.1 Compression Tests
3.9.4 Tensile Tests
3.9.6 Point Load Strength Index Test
3.9.7 Ultrasonic wave velocity
3.9.8 Hardness
3.9.10 Abrasivity
3.9.12 Slake Durability Test
6.1.3 Classification by Active Span and Stand-Up Time (Stini 1950, Lauffer 1958)
6.2 Rock Mass Rating – RMR System
6.2.2 Examples of using RMR System
6.2.3 Extension of RMR – Slope Mass Rating (SMR)
6.3 Rock Tunnel Quality Q-System
6.3.1 Concept of the Q-System
6.3.3 Extension of Q-System – QTBM for Mechanised Tunnelling
6.4 Geological Strength Index GSI System and Others
6.4.2 Examples of Using the GSI System
6.4.3 Correlation and Comparison between Q, RMR and GSI
6.4.3 Other Classification Systems
6.5 Rock Mass Strength and Rock Mass Quality
6.5.4 Correlations between Rock Mass Quality and Mechanical Properties
6.5.4 Relationship between Hoek-Brown and Mohr-Coulomb Criteria
6.6 Squeezing Behaviour of Rock Mass
6.6.2 Squeezing Estimation by Rock Mass Classification
In situ Stress
In situ stress measurement
Instrumentation
Measuring Strain (deformation) in rock
Strain relief method
Measurement of Diametral Borehole Deformation for Stress Determination
Theory and Equations
Bi-axial stress
Strain restoration methods
Measurement of Rock Movement/deformation
Convergence Measurement
Loads in support systems and linings
Support system and lining condition
Observational methods of in situ stress determination or estimation
Borehole breakouts (dog earing)
Core discing
Observations of failures in excavations
Hydraulic Fracturing for In situ Stress measurement
4.3.1 Hydraulic fracturing
Bibliography
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Rock Mechanics Lecture Material

Rock Mechanics Lecture Material

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Published by maratamilan

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Published by: maratamilan on Aug 04, 2010
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