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Chest Trauma

Chest Trauma

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Published by: Krishna Chaitanya Govardhanam on Aug 04, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/12/2014

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Chest trauma
Definition
Chest trauma(or thoracic trauma) is a seriousinjury of thechest. Thoracic
trauma is a common cause of significant disability and mortality, the leading
cause of death from physical trauma after head and spinal cord injury.
Blunt thoracic injuries are the primary or a contributing cause of about a quarter
of all trauma-related deaths. The mortality rate is about 10%.
Classification
Chest trauma can be classified as blunt or penetrating. Blunt and penetrating
injuries have different pathophysiologies and clinical courses.
Specific types of chest trauma include:
Injuries to the chest wall
o
Chest wall contusions or hematomas.
o
Rib fractures
o
Flail chest
o
Sternal fractures
o
Fractures of the clavicle and shoulder girdle
Pulmonary injury (injury to the lung) and injuries involving the pleural
space
o
Pulmonary contusion
o
Pulmonary laceration
o
Pneumothorax
o
Hemothorax
o
Hemopneumothorax
Injury to the airways
o
Tracheobronchial tear
Cardiac injury
o
Pericardial tamponade/ Injury to Heart
o
Myocardial contusion
Blood vessel injuries
o
Traumatic aortic rupture, thoracic aorta injury
And injuries to other structures within the torso
o
Esophageal injury (Boerhaave syndrome)
o
Diaphragm injury

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