History And Culture Of PakistanO Levels, Cambridge International Examinations.
Why was Aurangzeb blamed for sowing the seed of decline of the Mughal Empire
Aurangzeb was an orthodox Muslim. He maintained a hideousapproach towards other religions and was especially intolerant towardsthe hindus. As a symbol of his hatred he reimposed the jizya, a taxpayable by non muslims which had been abolished during the time of Akbar. He also did not allow the construction of new hindu templesduring his reign and many previous temples were demolished at hiscommand. As a result of this hatred the hindus became against themuslims. They tried to disturb the order of the Empire whenever theygot the chance. Thus Aurangzeb is blamed for sowing the seeds of downfall.Aurangzeb wanted to expand his empire more than his father had done. For this purpose he launched a campaign against the Marathas inthe Deccan which lasted for 25 years. During this period the bulk of thearmy was destroyed and most officers got corrupted and indulged inbribery. Moreover his absence from the capital led to looseadministration. The wazirs and nobles became sluggish and lazy and delayed state matters over long periods which eventually led to thedecline of the empire.Like his ancestors Aurangzeb was also fond of beautiful megastructures. He ordered the building of the Badshahi masjid in Lahoreand had a Pearl Masjid built in Delhi which was reserved for the King·s