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Classification Ppt

Classification Ppt

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Published by Kingslin Rm

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Published by: Kingslin Rm on Aug 04, 2010
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03/29/2013

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CLASSIFICATION & PREDICTION
Classification:
 ±
predicts
 
categorical
 
class
 
labels
 ±
classifies
 
data
(
constructs a model
)
 
based
 
on
 
the
 
training
 
setand
 
the
v
alues
(
class
 
labels
)
 
in
 
a
 
classifying
 
attributeand
 
uses
 
it
 
in
 
classifying new data
 ±
Supervised learning process
P
rediction:
 ±
m
odels
 
continuous-
v
alued
 
functions,
 
i.e.,
 
predicts
 
unknown
 
or
 
m
issing
v
alues
 
T
ypical Applications
 ±
credit
 
appro
v
al
 ±
target
 
m
arketing
 ±
treat
m
ent
 
effecti
v
eness
 
analysis
1
 
S
teps
 
in
 
classification
M
odel construction
:
 
describing a set of predetermined classes
 ±
E
ach
 
tuple/sa
m
ple
 
is
 
assu
m
ed
 
to
 
belong
 
to
 
a
 
predefined
 
class,
 
as
 
deter
m
ined
 
by
 
the
 
class label attribute
 ±
T
he
 
set
 
of 
 
tuples
 
used
 
for
 
m
odel
 
construction
:
 
training set
 ±
T
he
 
m
odel
 
is
 
represented
 
as
 
classification
 
rules,
 
decision
 
trees,
 
or
 
m
athe
m
atical
 
for
m
ulae
M
odel usage
:
 
for classifying future or unknown objects
 ±
E
sti
m
ate
 
accuracy
 
of 
 
the
 
m
odel
T
he
 
known
 
label
 
of 
 
test
 
sa
m
ple
 
is
 
co
m
pared
 
with
 
the
 
classified
 
result
 
fro
m
 
the
 
m
odel
A
ccuracy
 
rate
 
is
 
the
 
percentage
 
of 
 
test
 
set
 
sa
m
ples
 
that
 
are
 
correctly
 
classified
 
by
 
the
 
m
odel
T
est
 
set
 
is
 
independent
 
of 
 
training
 
set,
 
otherwise
 
o
v
er-fitting
 
will
 
occur
2
 
3
C
lassification
P
rocess
(1
):
M
odel
C
onstruction
 
TrainingData
NAME RANK YEARS TENURED
Mike Assistant Prof 3 noMary Assistant Prof 7 yesBill Professor 
2
yesJim Associate Prof 7 yesDave Assistant Prof 6 no Anne Associate Prof 3 no
Cl
assificationA
l
gorithms
IF rank = µprofessor¶OR years > 6THEN tenured = µyes¶
Cl
assifier (Mode
l)

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