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CCIP Properties of Concrete

CCIP Properties of Concrete

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Published by Sanka Seneviratne

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Published by: Sanka Seneviratne on Aug 05, 2010
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04/16/2013

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Properties of Concretefor use in Eurocode 2
How to optimise the engineering properties of concrete indesign to Eurocode 2
A
cement
and
concrete
industry publication
P.Bamforth
BSc (Hons) PhD C Eng MICE
D.Chisholm
BE (Hons) CPEng IntPE(NZ)
 J.Gibbs
BA MICT
T.Harrison
BSc PhD C Eng FICT MICE
 
Properties of concrete for use inEurocode 2
Contents
Symbols ii
1. Introduction
1
2. Assumptions underlying Eurocode 2
4
3. Compressive strength
5
4. Tensile strength
11
5. Bond strength
17
6. Modulus of elasticity
19
7. Tensile strain capacity
24
8. Creep
26
9. Shrinkage
30
10. Thermal expansion
35
11. Thermal conductivity
37
12. Specific heat
38
13. Fire resistance
39
14. Adiabatic temperature rise
42
15. Durability
45
16. The use of recycled aggregates
47References 48Appendix A 51
 
ii
Symbols
cover to reinforcement
p
specific heat
v
coefficient of variation
D
thermal diffusivity
c
tangent modulus
cd
design value of modulus of elasticity of concrete
c,eff
effective modulus of elasticity of concrete
cm
mean secant modulus of elasticity of concrete
bd
ultimate (design) bond stress
cd
design compressive strength
cd,fat
design fatigue strength
ck
specified characteristic cylinder compressive strength
ck,c
confined characteristic compressive strength
ck,cube
specified characteristic cube compressive strength
cm
mean concrete cylinder compressive strength
cm,cube
mean concrete cube compressive strength
ctd
design tensile strength
ctk
characteristic axial tensile strength of concrete
ctm
mean axial tensile strength
ctm,sp
mean splitting tensile strength
ctm,fl
mean flexural tensile strength
ct,sp
tensile splitting strength
cu
specified characteristic cube compressive strength (BS 8110 term)
s
coefficient for cement type used with the age function
s
r,max
crack spacing
time
α
coefficient applied to age function
α
c
coefficient of thermal expansion
α
cc
coefficient for long-term and loading effects on compressivestrength
α
ct
coefficient for long-term and loading effects on tensile strength
β
cc
(
) age function for strength
γ
c
partial safety factor for strength of concrete
γ
cE
partial safety factor for strength of concrete used with
cm
γ
m
partial safety factor for strength of a material
ε
ca
(
) autogenous shrinkage strain up to time
ε
ca
(∞) autogenous shrinkage strain at time
= ∞
ε
cc
(∞,
0
) creep deformation at time
= ∞
ε
cd
drying shrinkage strain
ε
cs
total shrinkage strain
ε
ctu
tensile strain capacity
η
1
coefficient related to bond condition
η
2
coefficient related to bar diameter

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