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Computing

Computing

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Published by: timothyosaigbovo3466 on Aug 05, 2010
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10/25/2012

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 INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTING
[
INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTING
] 
COMPLIDED BY:MR OSAIGBOVO TIMOTHY
 
 2
CHAPTER 1
WHAT IS A COMPUTER
 Computer is an electronic device. It accepts data, processes the data by doing somemathematical and logical operations and gives us the desired output.
CAPABILITIES OF A COMPUTER
Let us identify the major characteristics of computer.
 
Speed:
computer can work very fast. It takes only few seconds for calculationsthat will take hours to complete
 
Accuracy
:
In addition to speed, the computer should have accuracy or correctness in computing. The degree of accuracy of computer is very high andevery calculation is performed with the same accuracy.
 
Dilig
ence
:A
computer is free from tiredness, lack of concentration, fatigue, etc. Itcan work for hours without creating any error.
 
V
ersat
ili
ty:
It means the capacity to perform completely different type of work.
 
Power of Remember 
i
n
g
 
:
 
 A
ny information can be stored and recalled as long asyou require it.
 
Stora
g
e
:
The Computer has an in-built memory where it can store a largeamount of data.
LIMITATIONS OF COMPUTERS
Computer is a dumb machine and it cannot do any work without instruction fromthe user.
It does not have feelings or emotion, taste, knowledge and experience.
It is very difficult to make a computer act correctly in all situations since acomputer cannot be truly intuitive. Without supervision, computers will operatepoorly when dealing with unexpected circumstances, such as information or instructions that are incorrect or incomplete.
Many people still prefer to deal with a person rather than a computer. For example, voice mail and automatic telephone answering machines are often seenas impersonal, and it can be frustrating hanging on a telephone line without beingable to talk to another person.
 
 A
lthough computers are often used to help with the design process, they are notcapable of original thought.
If the software being used on a computer is poorly written or the user has notbeen trained to use the software or the computer correctly, it can become ahindrance rather than a help.
HISTORY OF COMPUTER
 History of computer could be traced back to the effort of man to count largenumbers.
Ca
l
cu
l
at
i
n
g
Mach
i
nes (1400 BC)
:
The first calculating device called
 ABA
CUS wasdeveloped by the Egyptian and Chinese people. The word
 ABA
CUS means calculating board. It consisted of sticks inhorizontal positions on which were inserted sets of pebbles.

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