No Single Deity
This article argues that no single deity as conceived by monotheistic religions exists. It containsthree arguments to support this position. First, it indicates that the concept of a deity isirrational. Second, it shows that the basis of belief in a deity must therefore be faith, notknowledge. Third, it considers the equal invalidity of belief in one or more than one deity.
The Belief Itself
Monotheism is the theological belief that one deity exists. (Wikipedia contributors, 2010)Implicit in the definition is the questionable concept of a deity. A deity is generally defined as apostulated preternatural or supernatural immortal being, who may be thought of as holy,divine, or sacred, held in high regard, and respected by believers, often religiously referred to asa god. (Wikipedia contributors, 2010) In short, a deity is an immortal being who defies naturallaw.Monotheistic religions also typically endow their deities with several attributes, includingomnipotence, omniscience, omnipresence, omnibenevolence, irreducible complexity, andnecessary existence. (Wikipedia contributors, 2010) However, when considered together, theycreate a dilemma. Specifically, they lead to a number of contradictions. (Martin, 1992)For example, consider only two of them, omnipotence and omnibenevolence. If a deity isomnipotent, then it is all-powerful and can do anything. If it is also omnibenevolent, or all-good,then it will always choose the best option. However, suffering is part of the human condition.Therefore, if theists consider this situation seriously, then they are left with two uncomfortablechoices. Either they should regard suffering as inherently good or they should renounce belief in the existence of their deity. The first option is irrational, leading to cognitive dissonance, andthe second is uncomfortable and difficult to accept. Yet, the second option is the only rationalchoice.This is one example of typical divine attributes that, taken together, lead to inconsistency.Other pairings present the same dilemma and considering more than two attributes togetherobviously creates an even more irrational scenario and problems such as the famous problemof evil. (Wikipedia contributors, 2010) Therefore, if a theist wishes to consider his or her deityseriously, then the only rational conclusion is disbelief.
The Basis of Belief
Because belief in a deity as outlined above proves to be irrational, the basis for such belief cannot be knowledge. Knowledge is a result of experience and understanding. One cannotexperience and understand what remains impenetrable to reason by virtue of its incoherence.