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Grotius God and Natural Law

Grotius God and Natural Law

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Published by Anthony Fejfar
This article asserts that, following Grotius, that each person has Natural Right based upon Natural Law, that precede the State, and which can be enforced by the use of Force.
This article asserts that, following Grotius, that each person has Natural Right based upon Natural Law, that precede the State, and which can be enforced by the use of Force.

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Categories:Types, Research, Law
Published by: Anthony Fejfar on Aug 05, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/25/2012

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Grotius, God, and Natural LawByAnthony J. Fejfar, B.A., J.D., Esq., Coif ©Copyright 2010 by Anthony J. Fejfar With the support of the Lutheran Protestant King of Sweden, and the Catholic Kingof France, Hugo Grotius wrote and published the book, “Right of War and Peace” in1625. In Chapter I, of that book, entitled, “What War and Right is,” Grotius describes Natural Law to us. Grotius states that an individual right, is “a moral quality annexed toa person which enables him to have, or do, something, justly.” Justice enforcesindividual rights which promote the Individual Good of each person. Natural Rights, based upon Natural Law, are those laws which are in accord with reason, and theIndividual Good. Thus, theft of another person’s property is a violation of Natural Law.Moreover, even God cannot contramand or contradict the Natural Rights which are based on Natural Law. Each person has individual Liberty based upon Freewill and the Natural Law rules that enforce all Individual Natural Rights which support the reasonableattainment of the Individual Good for each person. Thus, God who is Good, and who isordered toward the Good, cannot disregard or interfere with the reasonable, Natural Law, Natural Rights, which are Good, and which are opposed to Evil. Thus, God Himself, is bound by Natural Law, that is, God cannot act contrary to the Good, and God cannot actcontrary to Reason. Thus Grotius rejects the Calvinist, Gnostic, heretical view, that Godcan commit evil or even be Evil. Reason is God’ primary attribute, not Power. Contraryto Calvin, God is limited by His Nature, and can only be Good, not Evil. Thus, Grotiustells us, as was later affirmed by John Locke, and the American Declaration of 

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