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Tropical Coasts Vol. 11 No. 2: Coast to Coast: From Demonstration to Replication

Tropical Coasts Vol. 11 No. 2: Coast to Coast: From Demonstration to Replication

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This issue deals with the experiences and lessons learned from PEMSEA integrated coastal management (ICM) sites in the East Asian region. In particular, this issue highlights how the ICM experiences at national demonstration sites triggered a wider expansion of ICM programs over the region, through the replication of the ICM framework and processes using available local resources and capacity. It also chronicles continuing ICM efforts in facilitating knowledge sharing and networking among local governments, enabling them to become prime movers in achieving sustainable coastal development.
This issue deals with the experiences and lessons learned from PEMSEA integrated coastal management (ICM) sites in the East Asian region. In particular, this issue highlights how the ICM experiences at national demonstration sites triggered a wider expansion of ICM programs over the region, through the replication of the ICM framework and processes using available local resources and capacity. It also chronicles continuing ICM efforts in facilitating knowledge sharing and networking among local governments, enabling them to become prime movers in achieving sustainable coastal development.

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08/02/2015

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T r o p i c a l C o a s t s
ICM Practices: FromDemonstration to Replication
T r o p i c a l C o a s t s
c o n c e r n s a n d a n a l y s e s
   E   D    I   T   O    R    I   A    L   E   D    I   T   O    R    I   A    L   E   D    I   T   O    R    I   A    L   E   D    I   T   O    R    I   A    L   E   D    I   T   O    R    I   A    L
 Jihyun Lee
Issue Editor
T
his issue of Tropical Coast, as with the previous July issue on PEMSEAExperiences in the Evolution of Coastal Management, deals with theexperiences and lessons learned from PEMSEA integrated coastalmanagement (ICM) sites in the East Asian region. In particular, this issuehighlights how the ICM experiences at national demonstration sites triggereda wider expansion of ICM programs over the region, through the replicationof the ICM framework and processes using available local resources andcapacity. It also chronicles continuing ICM efforts in facilitating knowledgesharing and networking among local governments, enabling them to becomeprime movers in achieving sustainable coastal development.As indicated by Lee (page 4), PEMSEA national ICM demonstration sites areresponsible for transferring knowledge, experiences and lessons gained tothe other coastal areas in the region to enhance coastal management practices.Scaling-up the region's ICM efforts from demonstration towards replication,and expanding local practices requires a new level of partnership and allianceamong concerned local governments. In addition, scaling-up depends onstrong local leadership, continuous capacity building and effective resourcemobilization.The crucial role played by local partnerships among various stakeholdergroups, including communities, the academe, the private sector and localand national government agencies, in mobilizing necessary resources andexpertise for ICM replication are also emphasized.The article by Erni, Azucena and Guintu (page 10) presents the valuableexperiences in Bataan, Philippines, in building a working, transparent andvalue-added partnership between the public and private sectors in developingproactive long-term programs for the conservation and sustainabledevelopment of coastal and marine resources. The presence of a local leadershipwith a clear vision on sustainable development; the involvement of theprivate sector as partners, not only as donors; the sharing of resources,expertise and responsibilities together with local governments and thecommunity; and the benefits of a successful program are identified as criticalsuccess factors.Similarly, Ichwanudin and Mapparessa (page 16) introduce ICM efforts inSukabumi, Indonesia, where local governments, using their own localresources, are taking an active part, together with local nongovernmentalorganizations and community members. The local government adopted ICM as aframework for taking strategic moves on potential economic development, at thesame time protecting the pristine coastal areas of Sukabumi.In contrast to the pristine setting of Sukabumi, the very developed and degradedShihwa coastal area in the Republic of Korea is highlighted in the article of Kahngand Je (page 20), along with the challenges faced by local and national stakeholdersin rationalizing its long-term course for coastal development and environmentconservation. The difficulties imposed by a power imbalance among differentparties are indicated as a major stumbling block in on-the-ground integratedmanagement operations.Continuous efforts to build local capacity is crucial to the sustainability of ICMprogram implementation, particularly with regard to identifying an area's priorityrisks and developing strategic plans as experienced in Chonburi, Thailand (Narciseand Sujarae, page 30); Nampho, DPR Korea (Ri and Javillonar, page 38); andSihanuokville, Cambodia (Javillonar, Sihara and Rithirak, page 42).The initial risk assessment conducted by a multidisciplinary team of local expertsin Chonburi strengthened the scientific basis for decisionmaking to addresshuman impacts on the coastal environment and resources of the municipalities.The process of coastal strategy development in Nampho and Sihanoukville becamea training ground for local stakeholders to practice participatory approaches forintegrated planning and management. The mobilization of young professionalsfrom the region as the regional task force (RTF) to Sihanoukville has provenuseful for both RTF members and the local staff in building their knowledge,experiences and expertise regarding on-the-ground implementation of ICMprograms.Finally, river basin and coastal area management experiences in Port Klang,Malaysia, introduced by Haji Rahmat (page 46), give some insight into thechallenges that local governments face with regard to national and local governmentjurisdictional issues.The region is now making a collective effort to implement the SustainableDevelopment Strategy for the Seas of East Asia, as adopted with the signing ofthe Putrajaya Declaration in December 2003. A specific target of PEMSEA for theimplementation of the Strategy is that at least 20 percent of the region’scoastlines are covered by ICM programs by 2015. The transformation from ahandful of ICM demonstration sites, to a comprehensive, region-wide ICM scaling-up programme is a major challenge. The stories coming from the ICM sites, aswell as the interest shown by countries to develop and enhance national coastaland ocean policies, give us cause to be optimistic.
 
i n t h i s i s s u e
D e c e m b e r 2 0 0 4
Tropical Coasts
 w w w . p e m s e a . o r g
 
V o l u m e 11 N o . 2 D e c e m b e r 2 0 0 4
Chua Thia-Eng
Executive Editor
S. Adrian Ross
Editor
Jihyun Lee
Issue Editor
Leo Rex Cayaban
 Assistant Editor
Jonel P. Dulay  Anna Rita G. Cano
Design/Illustration/DTP
Danilo Bonga
Research
William AzucenaMarilou Erni Alexander GuintuIr. H. IchwanudinJoyce JavillonarJe, Jong GeelKahng, Sung HyunJihyun Lee Alam Syah MapparessaCristine Ingrid NarciseRi Ki HoLong Rithirak Ir. Haji Rahmat B. Hj.Mohd. SharifPrak Sihara Apiradee Sujarae
Contributors
1616161616202020202010101010103838383838424242424244444
d e p a r t m e nt s
3030303030
On the Cover
Editorial
22222
PEMSEA Events
5454545454
PEMSEA News
5050505050
Facts and Figures
5656565656
s p e c i a l f e a t u r e
2525252525
PEMSEA Community of ICMPEMSEA Community of ICMPEMSEA Community of ICMPEMSEA Community of ICMPEMSEA Community of ICMPractitionersPractitionersPractitionersPractitionersPractitioners
Meet the men and women behind the ICM programsfeatured in this issue who, through their steadfastcommitment, have enabled the success of ICM in theirlocalities and have encouraged replication of theirsuccesses in their nearby localities and countries bymobilizing stakeholders toward the common goal ofsustainable ocean and coastal development.
ICM Replication in East Asia
In this issue of Tropical Coasts,the second in our special issueon ICM practices, ICM sites inEast Asia share their lessonsand experiences on replicationand networking withstakeholders and policymakersto achieve the common goal ofsustainable development in ouroceans and coasts.The Global Environment Facility/United Nations DevelopmentProgramme/International MaritimeOrganization Regional Programmeon Partnerships in EnvironmentalManagement for the Seas of East Asia(GEF/UNDP/IMO PEMSEA), SidaMarine Science Programme, and theCoastal Management Center (CMC)publish Tropical Coasts Magazinebiannually. This publication is gearedtowards stimulating an exchange ofinformation and sharing ofexperiences and ideas with respect toenvironmental protection and themanagement of coastal and marineareas. Readers are stronglyencouraged to send theircontributions to:
Executive Editor
P.O. Box 2502,Quezon City 1165,Metro Manila, Philippines
The contents of this publication do not necessarilyreflect the views or policies of the Global EnvironmentFacility (GEF), the United Nations DevelopmentProgramme (UNDP), the International MaritimeOrganization (IMO), the Regional Programme onPartnerships in Environmental Management forthe Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA), the Sida MarineScience Program, the Coastal Management Center(CMC), other participating organizations, or theeditors, nor are they an official record. Thedesignation employed and the presentation donot imply the expression of opinion whatsoever onthe part of GEF, UNDP, IMO, PEMSEA, Sida MarineScience Program or CMC concerning the legal statusof any country, territory or city or its authority, orconcerning the delimitation of its territory orboundaries.ISSN 0117-9756
4646464646
Replicating and Networking Local ICMReplicating and Networking Local ICMReplicating and Networking Local ICMReplicating and Networking Local ICMReplicating and Networking Local ICMPPPPPractices: PEMSEA ractices: PEMSEA ractices: PEMSEA ractices: PEMSEA ractices: PEMSEA ’s Experience’s Experience’s Experience’s Experience’s Experience
Jihyun Lee
Bataan, Philippines — Public-PrivateBataan, Philippines — Public-PrivateBataan, Philippines — Public-PrivateBataan, Philippines — Public-PrivateBataan, Philippines — Public-PrivatePartnerships at Work for SustainablePartnerships at Work for SustainablePartnerships at Work for SustainablePartnerships at Work for SustainablePartnerships at Work for SustainableDevelopmentDevelopmentDevelopmentDevelopmentDevelopment
Marilou Erni, William Azucena and Alexander Guintu
Implementing the ICM Program with LocalImplementing the ICM Program with LocalImplementing the ICM Program with LocalImplementing the ICM Program with LocalImplementing the ICM Program with LocalResources in Sukabumi, IndonesiaResources in Sukabumi, IndonesiaResources in Sukabumi, IndonesiaResources in Sukabumi, IndonesiaResources in Sukabumi, Indonesia
Ir. H. Ichwanudin and Alam Syah Mapparessa
 Addressing Multiple-Use Conflicts in RO Korea’s Addressing Multiple-Use Conflicts in RO Korea’s Addressing Multiple-Use Conflicts in RO Korea’s Addressing Multiple-Use Conflicts in RO Korea’s Addressing Multiple-Use Conflicts in RO Korea’sShihwa Lake and its Adjacent Coastal AreaShihwa Lake and its Adjacent Coastal AreaShihwa Lake and its Adjacent Coastal AreaShihwa Lake and its Adjacent Coastal AreaShihwa Lake and its Adjacent Coastal Area
Kahng, Sung Hyun and Je, Jong Geel
Managing Environmental Risks andManaging Environmental Risks andManaging Environmental Risks andManaging Environmental Risks andManaging Environmental Risks andDeveloping Common Framework of ActionsDeveloping Common Framework of ActionsDeveloping Common Framework of ActionsDeveloping Common Framework of ActionsDeveloping Common Framework of Actionsin the Chonburi Coastal Area, Thailandin the Chonburi Coastal Area, Thailandin the Chonburi Coastal Area, Thailandin the Chonburi Coastal Area, Thailandin the Chonburi Coastal Area, Thailand
Cristine Ingrid Narcise and Apiradee Sujarae
Building Local Capacity through CoastalBuilding Local Capacity through CoastalBuilding Local Capacity through CoastalBuilding Local Capacity through CoastalBuilding Local Capacity through CoastalStrategy Development in Sihanoukville,Strategy Development in Sihanoukville,Strategy Development in Sihanoukville,Strategy Development in Sihanoukville,Strategy Development in Sihanoukville,CambodiaCambodiaCambodiaCambodiaCambodia
Joyce Javillonar, Prak Sihara and Long Rithirak 
Linking and Harmonizing River BasinLinking and Harmonizing River BasinLinking and Harmonizing River BasinLinking and Harmonizing River BasinLinking and Harmonizing River BasinManagement with ICM in Malaysia — TheManagement with ICM in Malaysia — TheManagement with ICM in Malaysia — TheManagement with ICM in Malaysia — TheManagement with ICM in Malaysia — ThePort Klang ICM ExperiencePort Klang ICM ExperiencePort Klang ICM ExperiencePort Klang ICM ExperiencePort Klang ICM Experience
Ir. Haji Rahmat B. Hj. Mohd. Sharif
Nampho Coastal Strategy: A Blueprint forNampho Coastal Strategy: A Blueprint forNampho Coastal Strategy: A Blueprint forNampho Coastal Strategy: A Blueprint forNampho Coastal Strategy: A Blueprint forthe Sustainable Coastal Development ofthe Sustainable Coastal Development ofthe Sustainable Coastal Development ofthe Sustainable Coastal Development ofthe Sustainable Coastal Development ofNampho City Nampho City Nampho City Nampho City Nampho City , DPR Korea, DPR Korea, DPR Korea, DPR Korea, DPR Korea
Ri Ki Ho and Joyce Javillonar

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