Rebuilt many ruined temples and shrines
Constructed new ones to honor the Roman gods.
Insisted upon the careful observance of traditional festivalsImperial cult
– it is a new religious cult instituted by Augustus that would serve to strengthen theempire. It also served as a unifying instrument for the Roman world.Augustus permits the construction of temples to his deified adoptive father, Julius Caesar.He also permitted the building of Temples and Roma, the personification of Roman state.Augustus’s belief that the Roman morals had been corrupted during the late Republic led him toinitiate social legislation to arrest the decline.He thought that increased luxury had undermined traditional Roman frugality (thrift) andsimplicity and caused a decline in morals, evidenced by:
A falling birthrate among the upper classes
Lax behavior manifested in hedonistic (pleasure-seeker) parties.
Love affairs of prominent Romans with fashionable women and elegant boys.
Augustus also limit the expenditures for feasts, made adultery a criminal offense, revised taxlaws to penalize bachelors, widowers, and married persons who had fewer than three children.
A GOLDEN AGE OF LATIN LITERATURE
Traditionally, Roman aristocrats had attempted to gain prestige and enhance their ownreputations by providing financial support for artists and poets.Augustus perceived the publicity value of literature and art and became the mostimportant patron of the arts during his principate.
The most distinguished poet of the Augustan age.
Virgil’s first poems, a series of pastoral poems inspired by theHellenistic poet, Theocritus of Cos.The pastoral images in these poems are a combination of natural observation and imaginary, idealized landscapes.
his second major work, was a didactic poem on farming modeled after the Greek Hesoid’s Works and Days.- It showed Virgil’s love of the country, but not without pointing tworealities- the potential harshness of nature and the destruction wrought by humans, especially inwartime.- He also extolled Augustus for restoring peace and promised to write aneven greater work in his honor.
Epic poems, Virgil’s masterpiece. The character of Aeneas- the son of Anchises of Troy is portrayed in terms that remind us of the ideal Roman- his virtues are duty, piety and faithfulness.