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Chapter 1 Oyster Mushrooms

Chapter 1 Oyster Mushrooms

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Isabel Katrina Cajuguiran on Aug 07, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/16/2012

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PASIG CITY SCIENCE HIGH SCHOOL
In Partial Fulfillment of Requirements in TechnicalResearch ICajuguiran, Isabel Katrina G.Bonifacio, GianneSilverio, RomabelVentura, EmmanuelVillanueva, Krizia NicoleMs. Donabel G. SimporiosJuly 2010
 
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CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
Mushrooms are fleshy plants that belong to the fungi group. They growfrom decaying materials and have no chlorophyll. They usually grow in placeswhere it is cool and moist. They are usually found in pastures, meadows, andwoodlands. Some are commercially raised in caves, indoors on shelves filled with partly decaying animal and plant materials, and in greenhouses where the averageoutside temperature is cool. Mushroom spawn, or root growth, that is planted inthis material grows rapidly and soon fills the bed with tiny threadlike rootlets. Themushrooms do not show above the ground until the rootlets are well grown.Mushrooms come in different colors, usually white, orange, red, and brown. They also have different sizes and shapes, the most common of whichhave short, thick stems and umbrella like fleshy caps. While quite a few are poisonous, mushrooms are widely cultivated because of its many uses to man,mainly as source of food. Aside from being edible and delicious to eat, thesesmall plant fungi also have medicinal properties because they contain statins likelovastatin, a substance that is used in medicines for cardiovascular patients.Lovastatin is a substance that lowers the cholesterol in the blood.Moreover, mushrooms can also be used for mycoremidiation ± the processof using fungi to return an environment (usually soil) that is contaminated by pollutants to a less contaminated state. Nutritionally speaking, mushrooms are richer in quality proteins thangreen plants. It contains important minerals like iron, phosphorus, potassium, and

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