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Twistors and Nearly Autoparallel Maps

Twistors and Nearly Autoparallel Maps

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Published by Sergiu Vacaru
Sergiu I. Vacaru and Sergiu V. Ostaf

published in:
Reports on Mathematical Physics, 37 (1996) 309-324
Sergiu I. Vacaru and Sergiu V. Ostaf

published in:
Reports on Mathematical Physics, 37 (1996) 309-324

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Published by: Sergiu Vacaru on Jun 23, 2008
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Vol. 7 (1996)
REPORTS ON ~ATH~~ATICAI, PHYsIfS
No.
WSTORS AND NEARLY AUTOP~LEL MAPS
SERGIU
I. VACARU
Institute of Applied Physics, Moldovan Academy of Sciences, 5 Academiei str., Chiginau, 2028Republic of Moldova (e-mail: lises@cc.acad.md)
and
SERGIU V. OSTAFDepartment of Mathematics and Physics, Tiraspol State University, 5 Iablochkin str., Chi$&u, 2062Republic of Moldova
(Received December 6, 1994)
The purpose of the present paper is to investigate the problem of definition of twist-ors on generic curved spaces. Firstly, we consider nearly geodesic (autoparallel) maps of(pseudo)-Rieman~an spaces. Secondly, we shall define nearly autoparallel hvistor equationswhich are compatible on nearly ~nfo~aily Aat spaces. Finally, we shall study nearly auto-parailel twistor structures generating curved spaces and vacuum Einstein spaces.
1. Introduction: Spinors and maps of curved spaces with deformation of connectionsOur
geometrical constructions will be realized on pairs of 4-dimensional (pseudo)-Riemannian spaces
(V, IL)
with the signature (- + + +) and i-l local maps ofspaces f:
V + g
given by functions f’(x) of class CT(U) (r > 2, T = w for analyticfunctions) and the inverse functions f?“) with co~esponding non-zero Jacobians atevery point x = {x”}
c U c
V
and : = {@} c U c IL (U and g are open regions).We shall attribute the regions U and u to a common, for a given f-map, coordinatesystem, when every point
q E U
with coordinates
d‘(q)
is mapped onto a point
q c U
with the same coordinates xp =
c&‘(q) = x”(q),
i.e. f:
d‘(q) -+ x”(q).
We note thatall calculations in this work will be
ha1
and will refer to common coordinates, forgiven f-maps, on open regions of spaces into considerations.The metric tensor, the connection, differential operator and the tetrads (frames)are denoted on U as g~~(x),~~~(x), I), and h;(x), respectively, wheres/N(x) = qxY$M?as,v,b = const,(1)and on u as gPy(x)=gPy(x), &~(x)+~(x),QP = D, and &t(x) = h;(x), where--
(2)
(the Greek indices ~1,v, p,y, .
. .
range from 0 to 3). Throughout the present paper-
 
310
S. I. VACARU and S. V. OSTAF
we shall use the terminology and definitions of the abstract and coordinate tensorand spinor index formalisms described in the monographs [l, 21. For simplicity, weshall write the Latin symbols a,
b,a,b, . . .
for both the abstract and the tetrad indicesimplying that in the first case Latin indices are abstract labels and in the secondcase (for decompositions on tetrads) we shall specify their explicit values (a,
b, .
. .=
0, 1,2,3).
We consider spinor decompositions of metrics (1) and (2):S&AU cpAA’(Z)~,BB’(Z)E~~t~,~,,(3)where O,““‘(X) = h;(~)~,A~‘,cr~~’ = cons& are the Infeld-van der Waerden coeffi-cients and EAB = -CBA, EA~B/= -EB/A~
A, B, A’, B’ = 0,l)
are spinor metrics9=fl-P
_;A’(x)G?fB’(x)~AB~AtB5(4)
where azA’(z) = O,““‘(X) = $(z)a,AA’;if necessary, we shall write, for example,
A,A’ A-EABYEA~B/~& ,W or 5::
in order to point out that these spin-tensor values areassociated to the spinor decomposition (4) on the space E.For mutual transformations of the tensor and spinor indices one introduces theinverse Infeld-van der Waerden coefficients $J,,(z) and azA,(z), for example, B”=
GA,
BAA’
and &B, =
AE~EB,.
Covariant derivation of spinors on
V
is defined in terms of the spin coefficients
Y&B
and r~$?~,
:
DAA’~ --
azA,(~)D,eB = ~AAJ<~ + y2zCEB,
and
DAA~<B~ =
u~~,(x)D~<B~ = ~AA~[BJ - ~;4.,$i,<p.
In a similar manner the spin coefficients r,,“,,, and r,,“:,, are considered inorder to define the covariant derivation of spinors on v.Below we present formulae interrelating spin coefficients r;,” and y;$ with Chri-stoffel symbols in the case of orthonormalized bases when CA/B’ = ~,JB =and, inversely, for (T:,’ = const,
p.AA’BBCC, = ~i;.&q$’ + ~&&, E;CA(&&&, = yA_BB,Cgg: + r,&c;CA),
where ~2 = 6:, 6;: = 6: and T&$~, denotes the complex conjugation of Y;~,~,.Our first objective in this paper is to study deformations of spinor objects asa result of the superposition of local l-l maps f:
V+y
with the deformation ofconnectionr,;(x) = T$(Z) + P$(x),(6)
 
TWISTORS AND NEARLY AUTOPARALLEL MAPS
311and, as a consequence of formulae (5), deformations of the spin coefficients, forexample,r,“,(x) = Y,S) + *Y;&)J (7)where P$(s) and *r,“, =
P..?- ~(&B,~pc$- nk,,~?,oz~)
are called thePBCdeformation tensor and the deformation spin tensor, respectively. Deformations ofthe covariant derivation operator, caused by splittings of type (6) or (7) will bedenoted as& =
D, + *Dll,DA.& =DAA’ + *DAA’.(8)
In a particular case of conformal maps c: U + U, when9
--ab
= Q29atl,
CAB = acAB,tA’B’ -f%A’B’,L?(cc)
is a nonzero real function on U,
*D, = fTD,fi=
D&R.(9)Conformal transforms are largely used, for example, in the twistor [2] and conformalfield theories.We note that there are classes of l-l local maps with the deformation of con-nection ((6) or (7))more general than that for the conformal maps (9) (see, forexample, (r~ - 2)-projective spaces [3], nearly geodesic maps (ng-maps [4]) and nearlyautoparallel maps (na-maps) of spaces with torsion and nonmetricity [5, 61, of fibrebundles [7] and of Finsler and Lagrange spaces [S]). In our papers [5, 9-111 we haveproposed to apply the ng- and na-maps for the definition of conservation laws on thecurved spaces. Na-maps were used for definition of the nearly autoparallel twistorsin connection to a possible twistor-gauge interpretation of vacuum gravitational fields[7, 1 -141.The second objective is the investigation of na-map deformations of the twistorequations [2] (for our purposes written on space v)
DcAuB) = f(&,gB + &g”) = 0,-A’--(10)
where ( ) denotes symmetrization.Because for the uncharged twistors we havewhereDA’(C&Jr) = _,+r,C$Q~,(11)
-abcd--ABCD~AJBfkDt
=@+ EA~Lv~~LI~&~BSCLI(12)
is the conformal Weyl tensor on space v, there is a hard compatibility conditionfor twistor equations (IO), namely, g_ABcDg D = 0, which characterizes, for example,conformally flat spaces. That is why a mathematically rigorous, and generally accepteddefinition of twistors was possible only for conformally flat spaces and this fact isthe main impediment to the twistor interpretation of general gravitational fields (fordetails see [2]).

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