Perhaps the best-known brandy in the world, cognac comes from a specific areain
centered around the town of Cognac in the Charente region. To belabeled as “cognac,” French legislation specifies the brandy can only be made fromspecific white grapes which are grown and later distilled within a strictly definedgeographical area. It must be made from at least 90 percent Ugni Blanc, Folle Blanche,or Colombard grapes. The rest of the cognac can consist of ten selected grapes.However, most cognac is made from Ugni Blanc only. It must be distilled twice incopper pot stills and aged at least 2 1/2 in oak barrels in order to be called cognac.
. means the cognac has been matured in the barrel for at least
V.S.O.P., Vieux, V.O.
indicate at least
are cognacs matured for at least five
Extra, Napoleon,X.O., Trés Vieux
are stored for
in oak barrels.
Popular brands are Hennessey VS and XO, Remy Martin VSOP, Martell VSOP ,Courvoisier
, is distilled from the remains of thegrapes used in wine production, the stems, skins, and pits. Grappa made from whitewine is dry and fiery, while that from red wine has a powerful flavor.
French pomace spirit
is distilled from the press residue resulting fromwine production. Depending on the variety, it either tastes powerful and full flavored
(marc de bourgogne)
or light, dry, and very soft
(marc de champagne)
. Thealcohol content is
best-known Greek spirit
, metaxa is distilled from black grapes. Thealcohol content is about
This very tangy, colorless brandy is the
national drink of Chile
. Produced fromblack grapes with a high proportion of muscatel grapes, it is matured in clay casks.
WeinbrandThis German grape brandy
, whose name translates as
, isdistilled using some wines from neighboring countries, but legislation requires up to
of the final product to be German. Like cognac, weinbrand is double distilled.