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Introduction of Alcoholic Beverages 1

Introduction of Alcoholic Beverages 1

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Published by Rumvill Almeda

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Published by: Rumvill Almeda on Aug 07, 2010
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02/28/2013

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INTRODUCTION OF ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGESProcess of making:
1. Distillation
-
physical reaction/separation of fermented solutions to produce distilledbeverages with higher content of alcohol.
2. Fermentation
a chemical reaction in which carbohydrates such as sugar is converted intoacid (food) or an alcohol (beverage). In wines, grapes are crushed torelease the sugar-rich juices, which are then either transferred quickly awayfrom the skins or left to rest for a time to absorb some of the flavor, tannins,and color of the skins. Yeast is then added, and the grape juice is allowed toferment for a number of weeks, at which point it is moved to differentcontainers and fermented at a slower rate, and eventually aged or bottled.
Types of alcoholic beverages:
1. Beer 
- a short fermentation process and a short ageing process (1-2 weeks)typically resulting in an alcohol content of 4%-6% ABV. Beer is naturallycarbonated beverage.
2. Wine
- involves a longer (complete) fermentation process and relatively long agingprocess (months/years) sometimes decades resulting in an alcohol contentbetween 7-18%. Sparkling wine is generally made by adding a small amount of sugar before bottling, which causes a secondary fermentation to continue in abottle. 
3. Spirit 
- a distilled beverage that contains no added sugar and has at least 30% ABV.- absinthe, brandy, eau-de-vie, german schnaps, grappa
4. Liqueur 
- is a sweet alcoholic beverage, often flavored with fruits, herbs, spices, flavors,seeds, roots, plants, barks, and sometimes cream.
a.
dissolving of flavoring liquefier which means “to dissolve”.
b.
infusions (plants, fruits, leaves, herbs) soak to a desired flavor.
c.
distillation
Liqueurs:
fruit liqueur, coffee liqueur, chocolate liqueur, schrapps liqueur 
Amaretto- (Italy) made of almonds 28% ABV.
Amarula- (South Africa) made of marula fruit 17% ABV.
Bailey’s- (Ireland) made of Irish dairy cream and Irish whiskey 17%ABV balancedwith chocolate flavors.
Schnapps- type of distilled alcoholic beverage.
Cointreau- (France) made of ripe Seville oranges and lemons 40% ABV.

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